Skip to 0 minutes and 19 secondsNow why have I decided to start my review from 1950. There is number of reasons for this. First of all, 1945 was the end of the second great world war. And after that then reconstruction started. That was the first thing, but as a result of that horrific warfare, it also spurred the development of international tourist institution. And we see that some of the global institutions which were created some 60 years ago are with us now. The World Bank was created in 1944 after a conference in Bretton Woods. Word Bank then had been the major supplier of investment in particular in developing countries and particular for infrastructure over this period time. Second thing at the end of war.

Skip to 1 minute and 17 secondsWe had a surplus of aircraft which were used for war purposes which were then converted for leisure purposes to become aircraft to carry passengers rather than munitions. And in 1944 in Montreal. We saw the establishment of the International Civil Aviation Organization because governments recognized that after the war there would be a development in aviation and they needed to have regulations and controls related to safety route development and all other things. The International Civil Aviation Organization is a body of governments and any government then can join this organization. Now on the other hand in Havana in 1945. We had the establishment of the International Air Transport Association which is an association of airlines and subsidiary carriers.

Skip to 2 minutes and 19 secondsSo on the one hand then you got the Civil Aviation Organization regulating the development and controlling International Civil Aviation things like safety, health and associated issues. And then the Air Transport Association which facilitates member facilitates airlines in developing group networks and routes fares, etc. The other thing to mention here as the war ended and we saw changes in to people working in factories produce bombs and guns and anything else to do with the war. What we found more and more people now were involved in producing consumer goods. Refrigerators maybe televisions radios and things like these. And as the war time ended then there was a relaxation on many of the war time austerity measures.

Skip to 3 minutes and 8 secondsSo for example in Britain, when I was growing up as a boy at the end of the war we had rations with so many eggs a month, so much flour a month, So much butter among us, so much Marguerna a month. And as this began to relax, then what we found is that people said, wait a moment we've left the war behind us. We've left the severe austerely measures. Now we want to spend more of our incomes on ourselves, we want to get more leisure time in our lives. So the other point I've put down here is that, because of this change, there was a growing demand for leisure and travel.

Skip to 3 minutes and 50 secondsAnd this was facilitated by many things, but one of the things which facilitated greatly was the availability of air transport. So many of the old aircraft built for military purposes were converted into civilian use. So if you put all those things together then you find that 1950 was a crux.

Skip to 4 minutes and 16 secondsIt was a turning point then away from austerity and more towards people wanting to do different things with their lives.

Why Start The Review from 1950?

In this video, professor Carson Jenkins shared with us the statistics of international tourism since 1950.

Now you have seen how international tourism started in 1950, what else would you like to know about the tourism industry when it was first started? We would very much like you to share some thoughts in the comments section below.

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This video is from the free online course:

Global Tourism Development Trends

Nankai University