Who is multicultural?
Although we’ve been using the term ‘multicultural’ to describe culturally diverse teams, it’s also possible for the term ‘multicultural’ to describe individuals.
What makes someone multicultural? Is it knowing different cultures? Is it a feeling of belonging to more than one culture? Is it about your values and beliefs being influenced by more than one culture?
Being multicultural involves all these things.
Specifically, to be multicultural to any degree you need to have each of the following aspects:
- Knowledge: being familiar with the deep aspects of multiple cultures (eg beliefs and assumptions, not just surface-level aspects).
- Identification: defining yourself in terms of multiple cultures (eg German and Turkish), or a hybrid culture (eg Chinese-Indonesian).
- Internalisation: being deeply influenced by more than one culture, in terms of your own values, beliefs and assumptions.
The more you have each of these aspects, the more multicultural you are.
Multicultural individuals can include migrants, refugees and their descendants. They can also include people who have become multicultural through a prolonged, immersive experience in another culture (eg expatriates, international students, couples in intercultural relationships).
What does this mean for teams?
It’s becoming more and more common for teams to include multicultural individuals. Being multicultural typically means possessing certain skills and qualities, which can benefit multicultural teams.
In the next steps, we will take you through some of the latest research on multicultural individuals and help you to discover what they can bring to multicultural teams.
How multicultural do you think you are? Explain why, with reference to the three criteria of knowledge, identification and internalisation.
Have you worked with multicultural individuals in teams before?
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