Contact FutureLearn for Support
Skip main navigation
We use cookies to give you a better experience, if that’s ok you can close this message and carry on browsing. For more info read our cookies policy.
We use cookies to give you a better experience. Carry on browsing if you're happy with this, or read our cookies policy for more information.

Skip to 0 minutes and 7 seconds[Steve Kulich] It is interesting to note that it is one thing to consider who I am culturally, but it's quite another to think about how others consider themselves and how they present themselves. [CHI Ruobing] Yes. I'm always amazed at the diversity of perceptions and special identities people hold quite strongly. Identities can connect us easily, but if they are misunderstood by others, they can divide us easily, too. [Steve Kulich] Yes, I've noticed that many of us are much more enthusiastic about letting you know all the details about who am I than sincerely seeking to ask and know about who you are or more importantly, seeking to understand why. Why do you describe or illustrate your culture that way?

Skip to 0 minutes and 58 secondsWhat meaning does it give to you or does it hold for you? [CHI Ruobing] Intercultural scholars have been working on this challenge since the beginning of this field in the 1950s and the '60s, when Edward T. Hall, Robert Kohls, Richard Brislin, Cliff Clark, and many others started developing training sessions. [Steve Kulich] Yes, these goals of becoming more culturally self-aware and especially cultivating other awareness in other cultural contexts are a very important part of most intercultural training exercises. [CHI Ruobing] As you hinted at, it is very important to develop sensitivity and adjust expectations in going through that process. We especially need to find respectable ways to view and respond to others.

Skip to 1 minute and 55 secondsSometimes, it is not easy because identities that others consider as important may not be perceivable or salient to us and vice versa. [Steve Kulich] That is why we consider context so important. People are what they are in a specific cultural time and space and thus are affected by historical, social, economic, educational, and many other contextual factors. [CHI Ruobing] You have touched on issues that are discussed in social identity theory. I think it could really help our course participants to read about this important perspective to better understand how we construct our identities in different social situations. [Steve Kulich] So let's resume our discussion after they have had a chance to read about and become more familiar with this important idea.

Exploring “Who are you?”

How much are we aware of how others perceive identities, want to present themselves, or evaluate us? Identities are not static , nor do they exist in vacuums. They are affected by many contextual factors.

Though we may like the idea of considering who we are culturally, we’re often not quite as ready to seriously think the same way about others. Our preference for being with people “like us” may unconsciously block us from exploring and valuing difference in others.

How does your eagerness to explore “Who am I?” compare to your interest in sincerely learning the answer to “Who are you?”

Identity awareness exercises have been an integral part of this field. There are a wide variety of methods now available for eliciting “own-culture awareness” or enhancing “Others awareness”. We have intentionally employed some of these steps in this course to help you develop greater intercultural awareness, sensitivity and readiness for adjustments.

Divergent identities may even affect us in what we consider to be familiar cultural contexts. Those from privileged or dominant cultural positions may not necessarily notice the salience of those with alternative identities. Our histories, the time, place, and social space can all affect us. Be ready to look at those around you with new eyes, keep re-evaluating your previous perceptions, and be willing to respect differences that you may have previously overlooked.

You might want to reflect on how this process of own- and other-culture discovery helping you adjust your expectations. Have you noticed that some of what is important to you may not be even noticeable or relevant to a person from another cultural background?

Share this video:

This video is from the free online course:

Intercultural Communication

Shanghai International Studies University (SISU)