Want to keep learning?

This content is taken from the Coventry University's online course, Introduction to International Logistics. Join the course to learn more.

Four elements of customer value in logistics

There are four elements to customer value in logistics, which are: quality, service, cost and time.

Let’s look at each element in turn:

  • Quality relates to the functionality, good performance and technical specification of the offered product, which covers customer requirements.

  • Service includes all services (or support) that are delivered to the customer after purchasing. This includes the flexibility to meet customer demands or market changes too.

  • Cost includes all the transactions that the customer pays for (eg purchasing and life cycle costs) and is dependent on the logistics costs (including design, production, quality assurance, distribution, inventory and other operational costs).

  • Time is taken to deliver the product to the customer, or respond to their requirements.

So, customer value can be represented as:

Customer value = (Perception of benefits)/(Total cost of ownership) = (Quality/Cost) x (Service/Time)

A diagram to represent customer value and the four elements.

Your task

Using the product you identified in the previous step, discuss your experience relating to each element of customer value (quality, service, cost and time).

Share this article:

This article is from the free online course:

Introduction to International Logistics

Coventry University