Grammar (-에, -에 가다, -(으)ㄹ 거예요)
How to use of some grammars or sentences, differences in the use of particles. In this week we are going to learn ‘(Time) + 에’,’ (Place) + 에 가다’ and ‘-(으)ㄹ 거예요’.
1. (Time) + 에
(Attached to a noun) This is used to indicate the time and period in which some action or situation is taking place.
Words such as ‘언제, 지금, 오늘, 내일, 모레, 어제’ are not attached to ‘에’.
In case of ‘주말에’, the word ‘주말’ itself indicates time, so ‘에’ can be attached to the word.
2. (Place) + 에 가다
(Attached to a noun) In a sentence, the preceding noun is the destination of ‘가다’.
If a speaker says ‘삼청동에 갈 거예요’, the destination of the speaker is ‘삼청동’.
3. -(으)ㄹ 거예요
(Attached to a verb) It is used to indicate the speaker’s plan or his/her will.
If the speaker says ‘삼청동에 갈 거예요’, it means the speaker has made a plan to go to 삼청동.
Therefore, it is often used with an adverb indicating future time. ‘-을 거예요’ is used after a verb with final consonant, and ‘-ㄹ 거예요’ is used after a verb without final consonant or if the final consonant is ‘ㄹ’.
① 받침 (Y) + -을 거예요
* 먹을 거예요 * 앉을 거예요
② 받침 (N), ㄹ 받침 + -ㄹ 거예요
* 갈 거예요 * 할 거예요 * 살 거예요