Glossary of Week 4

We have included this glossary for reference, you are not expected to remember all the new terms.

You can refer to the glossary throughout the course by returning to this step or by downloading the PDF version which is available from the DOWNLOADS section below.

If you come across any other words that you would like us to add to the glossary, please add them to the comments.

NOTE: This is the glossary for Week 4. For Week 1, you can find it at Step 1.4. For other weeks, you can refer each glossary at last step in that week. The PDF version includes the glossary for all weeks.


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

  • Analects of Confucius: 論語 records of Confucius and his leading disciples [4.2]

B

  • Bai Juyi : 白居易 (772-846) poet in China Tang period [4.2]
  • Bunka: 文化 era in Edo period (1804-1818). See 1.3 for the timeline of Japanese history and era names in Edo period. [4.9]

C

  • Chengzhai shihua : 誠齋詩話 a collection of miscellaneous essays on poetry by the Song-period poet Yang Wanli [4.9]
  • Chiba Unkaku: 千葉芸閣 (1727-1792)scholar of Chinese studies [4.5]
  • Collected Works of Master Nankaku : 南郭先生文集 works of Chinese poetry of Hattori Nankaku [4.6]
  • Confucian classics: 儒学 study based on classic thought of Confucius [4.2]

D

  • daimyo : 大名 feudal lords [4.2]
  • Dan Tōshisen : 談唐詩選 Ichikawa Kansai’s ferocious critique of the Tangshi xuan and its Kobunji-ha admirers [4.10]
  • Deer Enclosure: 鹿柴 poem by the Tang poet Pei Di [4.7]
  • Dōkanshō: 童観抄 hayashi Razan’s selection of helpful maxims excerpted from the Chinese classics with clear, easy to understand explanations [4.2]

E

  • Edo: 江戸 period of the Tokugawa shogunate (1603-1868) [4.1],[4.4],[4.5],[4.7],[4.8]
  • Edo: 江戸 modern Tokyo [4.1],[4.6]
  • Eiho Eiyū : 英甫永雄 (1547-1602) Kenninji priest [4.2]
  • Emperor Qianlong : 乾隆帝 emperor reigned Qing from 1735 to 1795 [4.9]

F

  • Five Classics and the Four Books: 四書五経 general term for typical four Chinese books and five classic sutras of Confucianism [4.4]
  • Five Mountains, Gozan: 五山 five government-sponsored Zen centers in Kyoto and Kamakura [4.1],[4.2]
  • Fujiwara seika: 藤原惺窩 (1561-1619) Confucian scholar [4.1]

G

  • Gozanbun-hen : 五山分編 Hayashi Razan’s own selections of fine writing by Five-Mountain authors from the 14th through 16th centuries [4.2]
  • Guwen zhenbao houji : 古文真宝後集 Chinese anthology [4.2]

H

  • haigō: 俳号 haiku name [4.11]
  • haiku: 俳諧 form of Japanese literature popularized in Edo period [4.11]
  • Hattori Nankaku: 服部南郭 (1683-1759) Confucian scholar, poet, painter [4.5],[4.6],[4.10]
  • Hayashi Gahō : 林 鵞峰 (1618-1680) Confucian scholar, Hayashi Razan’s son [4.2]
  • Hayashi Razan: 林羅山 (1583-1657) Confucian scholar, a. k. a. Dōsyun [4.1],[4.2],[4.3],[4.4]
  • Heian: 平安 period (794-1185) [4.2]
  • Honchō hennenroku: 本朝編年録 Hayashi Razan’s compiled history of Japan [4.2]
  • Honchō ichinin isshu : 本朝一人一首 Hayashi Gahō-edited a complication of essays on single poems by Japanese poets of kanshi (poems in Chinese) [4.2]
  • Honchō jinja-kō: 本朝神社考 Hayashi Razan’s genealogy of Japanese shrines [4.2]
  • Honchō tsūkan: 本朝通鑑 a history of Japan completed by Hayashi Gahō [4.2]

I

  • Ichikawa kansai: 市河寛斎 (1749-1820) Confucian scholar, poet [4.10]
  • Itō Jinsai : 伊藤仁斎 (1627-1705) Confucian scholar, philosopher [4.4]

J

  • Jugakusha: 儒学者 Confucian scholar [4.1]

K

  • Kakō rosetsu: 歌行露雪 Hayashi Razan’s collection of annotated versions of famous works by Bai Juyi [4.2]
  • Kan’ei shōka keizuden: 寛永諸家系図伝 Hayashi Razan’s geneaology of daimyo and other prominent families [4.2]
  • kana: 仮名 characters of Japan, derived from Chinese characters [4.2]
  • kanbun: 漢文 classical Chinese [4.2],[4.5]
  • Kanbun: 寛文 era in Edo period (1661-1672). See 1.3 for the timeline of Japanese history and era names in Edo period. [4.2]
  • Kangakusha: 漢学者 scholar of Chinese studies [4.1]
  • kanpan: 官版 government publications [4.8],[4.9]
  • kansei: 寛政 era in Edo period (1789-1801). See 1.3 for the timeline of Japanese history and era names in Edo period. [4.8],[4.9]
  • Kansei Edict, Kansei-era Proscription of Heterodoxy : 寛政異学禁 (J. Kansei igaku no kin) (1790) reguration for study in the Kansei reforms [4.8]
  • Kashiwagi Jotei: 柏木如亭 (1763-1819)a composer of Chinese poems [4.10]
  • Katsushika Hokusai : 葛飾北斎 (1760-1849) Edo painter [4.5]
  • Kansei reforms: 寛政改革 reformation of Edo shogunate in the Kansei era [4.8]
  • Keiō: 慶応 era in Edo period (1865-1868). See 1.3 for the timeline of Japanese history and era names in Edo period. [4.9]
  • Kenninji: 建仁寺 Temple in Kyoto [4.1],[4.2]
  • Kikuchi Gozan: 菊池五山 (1769-1849) a composer of Chinese poems [4.10]
  • Kinryūsan Sensōji : 金龍山浅草寺 oldest temple in Tokyo [4.6]
  • Kobayashi Shinbei: 小林新兵衛 Edo bookseller [4.5]
  • Kobun shinpō kōshū genkai taisei : 古文真宝後集諺解大成 A commentary on the Chinese anthology Guwen zhenbao houji, edited by Razan’s disciple Ukai Sekisai [4.2]
  • Kobunji-ha: 古文辞派 the Ancient Style School [4.4],[4.6],[4.8],[4.10],[4.11]
  • Kobunjigaku : 古文辞学 the study of archaic words and phrases [4.4],[4.8]
  • Kyōhō: 享保 era in Edo period (1716-1735). See 1.3 for the timeline of Japanese history and era names in Edo period. [4.5], [4.6]
  • Kyoto: 京都 center of politics and culture for a long time in old Japan, modern Kyoto city [4.1],[4.6]

L

  • Li Bai: 李白 (701-762) poet in Tang dynasty [4.6]

M

  • Matsudaira Sadanobu: 松平定信 (1758-1829) feudal lord and chief of staff for Edo shogun [4.8]
  • Meiji: 明治 period (1868-1911) [4.9]
  • Meiji restoration : 明治維新 the recovery of the Imperial prerogatives in the late 19th century which brought feudalisim and the shogunate sytem to an end, and with which began the modernization and industrialization. [4.9],[4.12]
  • Ming : 明 dynasty in China (1368-1644) [4.4],[4.10]
  • Muromachi: 室町 period (1392-1573) [4.1]

N

  • Nagasaki: 長崎 harbor city in which Edo only trade port was located [4.9]
  • Neo-Confucianism, Shushigaku : 朱子学 Neo-Confucianism [4.4],[4.8]

O

  • Ogyū Sorai: 荻生徂徠 (1666-1728) Confucian scholar, thinker [4.4],[4.5]
  • Ōkubo Shibutsu: 大窪詩仏 (1767-1837) a composer of Chinese poems [4.10]
  • Osaka: 大阪 biggest city in western Japan [4.6]
  • Ōta Nanpo: 大田 南畝 (1749-1823)a poet of the Writing in the Ancient Style school [4.7]

P

  • Pei Di : 裴迪 Tang poet [4.7]
  • Provincial schools : 藩校 (J. Hankō), schools operated by local governments in Edo period [4.8]

Q

  • Qin : 秦 dynasty in China (776-206 BCE) [4.4]
  • Qing dynasty : 清 last unified dynasty of China (1644-1912) [4.9],[4.10]

R

  • Razan Hayashi sensei-shū : 羅山林先生集 A monumental collection of Razan’s writing arranged by category [4.2]
  • Razan shokan : 羅山書簡 Hayashi Razan’s Correspondence [4.3]
  • Rinke, the Hayashi family: 林家 Hayashi Razan and his descendants [4.1]
  • Rivers and Lakes Poetry Society: 江湖詩社 an association which leader is Ichikawa kansai [4.10]

S

  • Santishi : 三体詩 J. Santaishi, Poetry in Three Styles [4.4]
  • Shimōsa: 下総 modern Chiba prefecture [4.6]
  • Shingon sect: 真言宗 one of the Buddhism in Japan, and Kūkai is the founder. [4.3]
  • Shintō: 神道 Japan’s religion, polytheism [4.3]
  • shogunate: 幕府 the samurai Administration who assumes the supreme power person of the samurai family a chief in the medieval or modern period in Japan [4.1],[4.2],[4.8]
  • Shōhei sōsho: 昌平叢書 a collection of miscellaneous essays [4.9]
  • Shōheizaka gakumonjo, Shōheizaka Center of Learning: 昌平坂学問所 Edo shogunate’s official center of learning [4.8],[4.9],[4.10]
  • Shushigaku , Neo-Confucianism: 朱子学 Neo-Confucianism [4.4],[4.8]
  • Siku quanshu: 四庫全書 a monumental collection of writing compiled during the Qing dynasty at the order of Emperor Qianlong [4.9]
  • Siku quanshu wu banben: 四庫全書無版本 a selection of previously unpublished works from the Siku quanshu [4.9]
  • Siku quanshu zongmu tiyao: 四庫全書総目提要 Annotated Index of the Siku quanshu [4.10]
  • Song: 宋 dynasty in China (960-1279) [4.4],[4.9],[4.10]
  • Song of Everlasting Regret: 長恨歌 Chinese poem by Bai Juyi [4.2]
  • Song of the Lute: 琵琶行 Tang-period epic by Bai Juyi [4.2]
  • Song shichao : 宋詩鈔 Qing period anthology Selections from Song Poetry [4.10]
  • Sumida River: 隅田川 river in Tokyo [4.6]

T

  • Tang : 唐 (618-907) dynasty in China [4.4],[4.6]
  • Tangshi xuan: 唐詩選 a collection of Chinese poems compiled in Ming dynasty [4.4],[4.5],[4.7],[4.10]
  • Tendai sect : 天台宗 one of Mahayana Buddhism sects [4.3]
  • Tenpō: 天保 era in Edo period (1830-1843). See 1.3 for the timeline of Japanese history and era names in Edo period. [4.5]
  • Tenmei: 天明 era in Edo period (1781-1789). See 1.3 for the timeline of Japanese history and era names in Edo period. [4.8]
  • Tokugawa Ieyasu: 徳川家康 (1543-1616) the founder and first shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan [4.1]
  • Tōshisen ehon : 唐詩選画本 Each poem of Tangshi xuan is accompanied by a basic commentary and a picture illustrating the content. [4.5]
  • Tōshisen kokujikai : 唐詩選国字解 a commentary of Tangshi xuan [4.5]
  • Tōshisen shōko : 唐詩選掌故 a commentary of Tangshi xuan [4.5],[4.7]
  • Tōshi kunkai: 唐詩訓解 a commentary of Tangshi xuan [4.5]
  • Toyotomi Hideyoshi: 豊臣秀吉 (1537-1598) warrior and senior regent to emperor [4.1]
  • Tsūshisen shōchi : 通詩選笑知 comic versions of the poems of the Tangshi xuan [4.7]

U

  • Ukai sekisai: 鵜飼石斎 (1615-1664) Hayashi Razan’s disciple, Confucian scholar [4.2]

W

  • waka: 和歌 Japanese poems [4.11]
  • Wang Wei: 王維 Tang dynasty poet [4.7]
  • Wu Mengju: 呉孟挙 Qing poet (1640-1717) [4.10]
  • Wu Zimu : 呉自牧 Qing poet [4.10]

Y

  • Yang Chengzhai’s shichao : 楊誠斎詩鈔 an edition of Yang Wanli (whose pen name was Chengzai)’s poems [4.10]
  • Yang Wanli : 楊万里 (1127-1206) Song dynasty poet [4.9],[4.10]

Z

  • Zen: 禅 one of Mahayana Buddhism sects [4.2]
  • Zhao Gu: 趙 嘏 poet in Tang dynasty [4.6]
  • Zhu Xi: 朱熹 (1130-1200) Song dynasty thinker [4.4]

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Sino-Japanese Interactions Through Rare Books

Keio University