Skip to 0 minutes and 9 secondsLet’s review the scales we’ve already met. We’ll base them all on C. Obviously there are 12 versions of them. The scales that you probably would have known before this course started are C major do, re, me, fa, sol, la, ti, do. We’re going to call it the Ionian scale or the Ionian mode. Then we have the harmonic minor

Skip to 0 minutes and 36 secondswhere you flatten the third and flatten the sixth.

Skip to 0 minutes and 41 secondsThen you have the melodic minor ascending

Skip to 0 minutes and 46 secondswhere you flatten the third only. Then the melodic minor descending

Skip to 0 minutes and 53 secondswhich if we think of as a scale,

Skip to 0 minutes and 58 secondsit’s from the bottom up, so to speak, the flattened third, the flattened sixth and the flattened seventh. In fact it’s E flat major

Skip to 1 minute and 9 secondsrooted on C - rooted on the sixth. So it’s a mode of a major scale.

Skip to 1 minute and 17 secondsDiminished scale: tone, semitone, tone, semitone, tone, semitone, tone, semitone.

Skip to 1 minute and 29 secondsC diminished scale.

Skip to 1 minute and 30 secondsThe whole tone scale, we go up in tones: tone, tone, tone, tone, tone, tone. So those are probably scales that you knew about before our jazz course. Let’s look at the scales we have met since. First of all, the 3 blues scales. The American blues scale root, minor (flattened) third, fourth, flattened fifth, fifth, flattened seventh, octave.

Skip to 2 minutes and 4 secondsThen the seventh scale, where we just take - if we like to relate things to the major scale - we take the major scale and just flatten the seventh.

Skip to 2 minutes and 15 secondsIt’s actually a mode of F major. It’s the fifth mode. If you take the fifth mode of a scale it’s called the Mixolydian mode.

Skip to 2 minutes and 23 secondsThe full blues scale, which is the Ionian mode - easy with the major seventh - with the 3 blues notes: the flattened third, the flattened fifth and the flattened seventh. Then our minor scale - the one that we use most of all -

Skip to 2 minutes and 41 secondsthe so-called Dorian mode for C minor7: flatten the third and flatten the seventh of the Ionian scale.

Skip to 2 minutes and 51 secondsIn fact, as you know, it’s B flat major

Skip to 2 minutes and 55 secondsrooted on on the second note of the scale. That’s called the Dorian mode. Then our half diminished - the one that you’ll find most references - is a mode of D flat major - the seventh mode - the so-called Locian mode. So it’s D flat major rooted on C

Skip to 3 minutes and 19 secondsHalf-diminished, of course, has got the flattened third, the flattened fifth and the flattened seventh. It also has the flattened ninth in it and the flattened sixth. Then the one I prefer - which is when you naturalise D, so you get this scale

Skip to 3 minutes and 39 secondsand what it consists of is the sixth mode of E flat melodic minor ascending. If you take E flat major and just flatten the third and you root it on C

Skip to 3 minutes and 57 secondsthen it becomes the sixth mode of E flat melodic minor ascending. You get something which is called the Locrian sharp 2.

Skip to 4 minutes and 7 secondsRight, C flat9 scale: so C7 with a flattened ninth, as we saw before, is just a diminished scale or a mode of a diminished scale. It’s C sharp diminished or D flat diminished

Skip to 4 minutes and 26 secondsbut rooted on C.

Skip to 4 minutes and 34 secondsThe we saw the major/minor seventh scale - that’s where you have a minor seventh (third) but you have the natural seventh - C minor with a natural seventh. It’s just the only note that’s flattened is the third. That’s major. That, of course, is just the melodic minor ascending - obviously C melodic minor ascending. Finally, the altered scale which goes semitone, tone, semitone, tone, tone, tone, tone is the seventh mode of D flat melodic minor ascending. You take D flat major

Skip to 5 minutes and 21 secondsyou take it’s minor and now you root it on C.

Skip to 5 minutes and 29 secondsIt starts off like a diminished, but then it’s last bit of the scale is whole tone. Right, so those are all the scales we’ve met to date.

Review

We give a review of the scales we have already met.

You can download the charts for “Basic Scales I” and “Basic Scales II” in PDF format at the bottom of this step.

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This video is from the free online course:

Learn Jazz Piano: III. Solo Piano and Advanced Topics

Goldsmiths, University of London