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Skip to 0 minutes and 8 secondsI want to look at a third chord sequence now and it just consists of changing one of the bars of our previous chord sequence. Namely, we change bar nine from F minor 7 to A flat 7.

Skip to 0 minutes and 25 secondsThis is a classic chord sequence, at least known to me through the music of John Coltrane. So I'm going to refer to this as 'Trane -- 'Trane short for John Coltrane -- the 'Trane blues. The function of the A flat 7 chord, again, I'm going to delay until we discuss the blues sequence in general. But for the moment, let's just accept that this is the chord sequence that we are investigating. So in terms of the chords of the last four bars, we have an A flat 7 -- 13th shape -- G7 -- 13th shape -- C minor 7 -- first inversion -- if we use lower voicings.

Skip to 1 minute and 10 secondsThe significance of this is that this is the chord sequence behind my favourite blues, which is "Equinox", written by John Coltrane, from his classic album "Coltrane's Sound", which involved McCoy Tyner on piano -- we will say more about McCoy a little bit later -- the polyrhythmic drumming of Elvin Jones, and Steve Davis on bass. 'Trane used different bass players throughout his classic quartet, but the pianist and the drummer remained constant.

Skip to 1 minute and 54 seconds"Coltrane's Sound" was recorded in 1964. "Equinox" was originally played in C sharp minor. I've only ever played it in C minor. I've only ever seen it written out in C minor. So we'll stick to C minor.

Skip to 2 minutes and 11 secondsThe album starts off with 14 bars of a Latin feel, and then it goes into the slow-medium swing of the rest of the track.

Skip to 2 minutes and 25 secondsThere is a kind of arrangement in three parts, really: the bass player has a line to play, the pianist has chords that are played in a rhythmic pattern, and then the tune goes over the top. So let's look at the three elements. So the first thing is the bass line. It goes like this -- 1, 2, 1, 2, 3, 4.

Skip to 3 minutes and 7 secondsThen it repeats.

Skip to 3 minutes and 11 secondsThen Tyner plays chords similar to what I've written out in the music to the following.

Skip to 3 minutes and 41 secondsRight. We've met the first chord -- -- it's C minor 7, first inversion. The second chord -- -- you could think of as a variation of the first chord, where you're just moving and inner voicing. But, in fact, it's going to turn out that this is a chord in its own right --- a fourth-based chord -- for C minor 7 which we shall look at later. It's the analogue of the 6/9 for C major 7. This is the same thing, but the third is flattened

Skip to 4 minutes and 9 secondsand then an extra note is added: the G, which is played with the third finger --

Skip to 4 minutes and 18 secondsto thicken the chord. And the reason for thickening the chord is that all the chords are four-note voicings and so you get a similar texture throughout the whole piece. OK, so that's the chords that make up the C minor 7 section. The chords which make up the F minor 7 section are the same ...

Skip to 4 minutes and 43 secondsand back ...

Skip to 4 minutes and 46 secondsand then A flat bar -- the A flat 7 bar -- you play the 13th voicing but, again, we add --- with our 3 -- the note B flat, the thickening note to keep the chord at the same thickness. Exactly the same thing with G7, the 13th shape -- with the thickening note of A. And then back home.

Skip to 5 minutes and 10 secondsLet's play this with a playalong. Before I do that, this will be the underlay for the horn player. And when you play chords under a horn player who's soloing or playing the tune, it's known as "comping".

Skip to 5 minutes and 25 secondsSo let's make this a two-fisted comping: where we play that pattern in the left hand, but in the right hand, we add -- in this case, we're just making it an octave C with G in the middle.

Skip to 5 minutes and 42 secondsWe get the F bit, we do exactly the same thing, except we move the G down to F -- we don't have to, but you can do.

Skip to 5 minutes and 52 secondsAnd the when we get to A flat, let's move the octave and the fifth down to A flat. And similarly, when we get to G7, do the same thing.

Skip to 6 minutes and 3 secondsSo this is the underlay over which the chords (tune) goes. I'll play it with a playalong. Unfortunately, there isn't an Aebersold playalong for "Equinox". I don't know why, because it's a well-known tune. So we'll make do with the C minor blues track we used before. 1, 2, 1, 2, 3, 4.

Skip to 6 minutes and 51 secondsSo we get to the second chorus. Now the tune. Let's play the tune with our playalong. I'll play the tune using double octaves.

The Coltrane Minor Blues "Equinox"

We introduce John Coltrane’s minor blues “Equinox”, discuss the underlying chord sequence and look at playing the tune and its McCoy Tyner underlay separately with a playalong.

You can download the minor blues sequence in Cm (‘Trane), ‘Equinox’, and ‘Equinox’ (McCoy Vamp) in PDF format at the bottom of this step. Click here for a playalong for “C Minor Blues (‘Trane)”.

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This video is from the free online course:

Learn Jazz Piano: II. Improvising on Jazz Standards

Goldsmiths, University of London

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