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This content is taken from the Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU) 's online course, The Korean Alphabet: An Introduction to Hangeul. Join the course to learn more.
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## Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU)

Skip to 0 minutes and 11 seconds It’s time to write Hangeul! This class we will combine consonants and vowels to write characters in consonant units. Hangeul is written in consonant units by combining consonants and vowels. The consonants and vowels are combined in order of left to right or top to bottom. A consonant can also be added at the bottom. When writing consonants and vowels, write the consonants on the left and the vowels on the right. Or write the consonant above and the vowel below. Also, the final consonant may be written under consonants and vowels. At this time, write the consonants and vowels, and write the final consonants below it.

Skip to 5 minutes and 3 seconds Of the vowels we learned, these five (ㅏ ㅑ ㅓ ㅕ ㅣ) are written to the right of a consonant and these five (ㅗ ㅛ ㅜ ㅠ ㅡ) are written under a consonant. When writing a character with a final consonant, the vowels ㅏ ㅓ ㅓ ㅕ ㅣ are written underneath and in the middle of the consonant and vowel, and the vowels ㅗ ㅛ ㅜ ㅠ ㅡ are written directly underneath. For example let’s write ‘나’ After writing the consonant ‘나’, add the vowel ㅏ to the right. Now let’s write 무 Write the consonant ㅁ and add ㅜ underneath it. We’ve written the two syllables 나 무. 나무(namoo) means tree in Korean.

Skip to 8 minutes and 30 seconds Now let’s write an example of a consonant being added at the bottom. Let’s write ‘한’ First write ㅎ then add the vowel ㅏ to its left. Finally add the consonant ㄴ underneath the combined 하. Now let’s write the letter ‘글’ First write ㄱ. then add the vowel ㅡ under the ㄱ. Then add the consonant ㄹ underneath. Were you able to follow along? Let’s read these two characters together. ‘한글’ Now you know how to write ‘한글’ with Hangeul.

# How to Combining Hangeul Characters 1

Let’s see how to combine letters.