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This content is taken from the Lancaster University's online course, Lancaster Castle and Northern English History: The View from the Stronghold. Join the course to learn more.
Lancaster Castle to the sky

Reflect and Extend

You have reached the end of Week 1. Take a moment to pause and think about what you found interesting or most surprising about this week.

Each week we would like you to reflect on what you have learned and think about whether you’ve met your learning goals.

We encourage you to comment, join a conversation, or post some creative media - photos, videos, documents, stories, poems, illustrations etc. to this Padlet Wall.

Read about Padlet. Please note that Padlet is open to anyone with the url, so you are advised not to post sensitive or personal information.

We would also like you to reply to other learners in order to broaden and develop your understanding together. You may wish to spend some time using the Comment Discovery Tool in the next step to discover more conversations or to view relationships between concepts.

Be creative - follow your interests!

Extra Resources

Here we tell you about some additional books and resources that you could consult if you wish to extend your knowledge. This list is restricted to items that are widely available on the internet or in public libraries with holdings related to Lancashire.

Andrew White, ed. A History of Lancaster (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2001). This work contains David Shotter’s chapter ‘Roman Lancaster: Site and Settlement’ and Andrew White’s chapter ‘Continuity, Charter, Castle, and County Town, 400–1500’.

D. C. A. Shotter and Andrew White, The Roman Fort and Town of Lancaster (Lancaster, 2001)

John Champness, Lancaster Castle: a Brief History (1993).

The most recent excavations of Roman Lancaster, conducted as part of the ‘Beyond the Castle’ project, and involving Lancaster & District Heritage Group amongst others, are covered in: Jason Wood, ‘Roman Lancaster’, British Archaeology 157 (2017), 38–45.

For a recent addition to the debate about Lancaster Castle’s keep, see:
Neil Guy, ‘Lancaster Castle revealed part 1: the keep’, The Castle Studies Group Journal 28 (2014–15)

While the focus this week has been on the development of the castle, more can be learnt about the medieval history of the Duchy of Lancaster, including the significance of the year 1399. The Duchy has belonged to the reigning Sovereign as Duke of Lancaster since that point. See the website of the Duchy of Lancaster and for an in-depth treatment: R. Somerville, History of the Duchy of Lancaster I, 1265–1603 (1953)

A key resource for the history of the County Palatine of Lancashire is the seminal, multi-volume work The Victoria County History of the County of Lancaster, ed. W. Farrer and J. Brownbill London, 1906–14), most of which is available at ‘British History Online’.

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This article is from the free online course:

Lancaster Castle and Northern English History: The View from the Stronghold

Lancaster University