Skip to 0 minutes and 13 secondsHello. My name is Nick Dines, and together with my colleague, Anna Triandafyllidou, we'd like to welcome you to this course on migration and cities. Migration is commonly understood as taking place between different countries. Nation-states and supranational organisations in fact continue to determine the rules of entry and settlement. However, it is cities-- and often very large cities-- that absorb the majority of migrants. Think, for example, of New York or Buenos Aires. Their rapid growth in the late 19th century and early 20th century was the direct result of massive transatlantic migration from Southern and Eastern Europe during the same period. Since their origins, cities have also attracted a continuous flow of people from surrounding regions, especially from poor rural areas.
Skip to 1 minute and 18 secondsIn some cases, these movements took place before the rise of the modern nation-state, and therefore did not cross international borders. Today, and especially in the Global South, rural-to-urban migration occurs often within the same country. Indeed, it could be argued that migration has always made cities. Without some form of inward migration, be it international or internal, cities would not develop or grow. Migration does not just provide cities with a more culturally diverse population, it changes them physically, economically, and socially. For instance, thanks to an increase in migration from Cuba after the 1970s, Miami transformed from a monolingual into a bilingual city, and is now the centre of US trade with Latin America.
Skip to 2 minutes and 20 secondsIn this course, we will look at how human mobility has shaped urban development. We will consider the case of Chicago, which went from being a small frontier town in the mid 19th century to become one of the world's largest cities only a few decades later. We will also examine the different types of migration to European cities after the Second World War, and the fundamental contribution that these made to economic growth. We will focus on some key contemporary issues-- employment, housing, public space, and cultural heritage, but also on some of the problems that arise in cities as a result of migration.
Skip to 3 minutes and 3 secondsWe will address local government approaches to migration and reflect on the possibilities and limits of policy at the urban scale. Finally, we will look at the transnational urban networks of migrant communities in the world today, and how they suggest a new relationship between migration and cities. We hope you enjoy the course. By exploring cities and migration together, our goal is not only to enhance your understanding of the important connections that exist between these two dimensions, but to also encourage you to rethink migration through the lens of the city, and vice versa, the city through the lens of migration.
Welcome to the Course
What are the links between migration and cities? Here we summarise the key themes that will be covered during this course.
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