• Keio University logo

日本の近代化: 福澤諭吉の格闘

福澤諭吉の格闘を通して、我々が求めるべき「文明」とは何かを考えよう

日本の近代化――福澤諭吉の格闘

日本の近代化: 福澤諭吉の格闘

  • 3 weeks

  • 4 hours per week

  • Digital certificate when eligible

  • Introductory level

Find out more about how to join this course

  • Duration

    3 weeks
  • Weekly study

    4 hours
  • 100% online

    How it works
  • Unlimited subscription

    $244.99 for one whole yearLearn more

250 年あまり続いた江戸時代の日本は、西洋とは異質で閉ざされた社会でした。その国は、1868 年の明治維新を経て、西洋諸国に学び、近代化を推し進めました。

その時代の転換点にあって、単に科学技術や制度などの文明の形を導入するだけでなく、西洋社会の考え方やその精神の本質を見極め、日本人のあるべき姿を模索し続けた人がいました。それが福澤諭吉です。

このコースでは、福澤諭吉という、日本が真に近代化、文明化する為に、社会の問題を鋭く指摘し、格闘し続けた人物を通じて、「独立」「文明」という言葉をキーワードに、個人、社会、国、そして世界のあり方を考えていきます。福澤の 150 年前の模索と苦悩を、興味深い過去の歴史として捉えるだけでなく、現代の世界が抱える課題にも気付きを与え、解決のための視座を共有していきます。

福澤諭吉の観察と実践を学ぶ

福澤諭吉は 200 年近く昔に低い身分の侍の家に生まれ、封建的身分制度に違和感を持ちながら少年時代を過ごしました。満 19 歳の時からオランダ語を通じて西洋の学問を学びます。更に英語を習得し、当時まだ外国を見た人がほとんどいない時代に 3 度の海外体験のチャンスをつかみ、西洋の社会をつぶさに観察しました。

福澤は表面的な技術の発展だけに目を奪われず、何よりも西洋人の社会の「気風」に着目し、それをつくり出しているものについて考えました。 コースでは、国のあり方、官と民、男女や家族、学問と人間など、当時の日本ではなじみのなかった視点を世の中にどのように説き、自ら実践したのか紹介していきます。

私たちの生きる社会と比べてみましょう

福澤が提示した社会の課題は、実はまだ残されたままのものが多くあります。明治時代の日本と、現代の私たちが生きる社会とを比較しながら、求めるべき「文明」とは何か考えてみましょう。

Download video: standard or HD

Skip to 0 minutes and 8 seconds The Edo period in Japan lasted for more than 250 years. During this time, Japan was a closed society, very different from the West. With the Meiji Restoration of 1868, Japan began opening up and learning from Western countries, and moving forward with modernization. At this crucial turning point in Japan, there was a who pursued the essence of thought and mindset of Western society. Rather than just adopting the superficial traits and features from abroad, he sought out the best approach for the Japanese. His name was FUKUZAWA Yukichi. Hello everyone. My name is YAMAUCHI Keita.

Skip to 0 minutes and 51 seconds This course will examine the perspective of FUKUZAWA Yukichi, a figure who insightfully called attention to social issues and struggled throughout his life to achieve genuine modernization and civilization in Japan. We will consider the best ideals for individuals, societies, nations, and the world, taking “independence” and “civilization” as keywords. FUKUZAWA Yukichi was born almost 200 years ago into a low-ranking samurai family. In his boyhood he did not feel that he belonged to the feudal class system. From the age of 19, he began to assimilate Western learning through his study of the Dutch language.

Skip to 1 minute and 33 seconds He also mastered English, and closely observed the West by capitalizing on three opportunities to experience the world overseas This was at a time when almost no Japanese had ever seen a foreign country. Hello. I’m TOKURA Takeyuki. This is where the first speech was delivered in Japan. What’s interesting about Fukuzawa is that he wasn’t concerned only with technological development, above all, he focused on the “spirit” of Western society, and considered what gives rise to it.

Skip to 2 minutes and 10 seconds Fukuzawa founded one of Japan’s leading private educational institutions to cultivate people Recognized the importance of communication, engaged in public speaking, and established social clubs Founded a newspaper recognized by many as the best in Japan in order to promote journalism Powered Japan’s modernization not only via the government, but also through an independent private sector made up of his many followers. Fukuzawa’s life was a continuous struggle. The best approach for the nation, government and the people, men, women, and families, and learning and human beings. He battled with words, cultivated people, and continued dialogue with communities in order to explain new and different perspectives. Has the society that Fukuzawa strived for been achieved? Or do many issues still remain?

Skip to 3 minutes and 3 seconds The strivings and concerns of FUKUZAWA Yukichi from 150 years ago are not just historical references of an era of great change in Japanese society. They call our attention to issues the world is dealing with in today. What is the “civilization” we should strive for?

What topics will you cover?

  • 近代化以前・以後の日本の社会に関する基礎知識
  • 個人、家族、社会、政府、国に対する福澤のまなざし
  • 福澤の思想に影響を与えた海外での経験
  • 日本の近代化における、教育、研究、産業での福澤の貢献
  • 社会を変えるために福澤が取ったコミュニケーション戦略
  • 福澤が見た将来像と成し遂げられなかったこと

When would you like to start?

Start straight away and join a global classroom of learners. If the course hasn’t started yet you’ll see the future date listed below.

  • Available now

Learning on this course

On every step of the course you can meet other learners, share your ideas and join in with active discussions in the comments.

What will you achieve?

By the end of the course, you‘ll be able to...

  • 日本の近代化の特徴を説明できる
  • 日本の事例を通して自分の社会と比較することができる
  • 福澤諭吉が日本に与えた影響について議論ができる
  • 日本の急速な近代化の原因について説明できる
  • 戦争の挫折に向かっていった原因について調査できる
  • 民間の視点から官主導の近代化について見つめなおすことができる

Who is the course for?

  • 日本の近代化のプロセスに関心を持っている方
  • 自身の国・地域の近代化に向けて活動をする方
  • 日本の近代化に関連して福澤諭吉を研究する人
  • 企業経営者など組織のマネジメントに携わる方
  • 近代日本の歴史・精神・文化の理解を深めたいとお考えのすべての方
  • 慶應義塾大学関係者

Who will you learn with?

I'm a professor at Keio University and a member of the Fukuzawa Memorial Center for Modern Japanese Studies. I have much interest in history of Keio University.
山内慶太
慶應義塾大学教授、慶應義塾福澤研究センター所員

I’m an associate professor at Fukuzawa Memorial Center for Modern Japanese Studies, Keio University and the vice-director of Fukuzawa Yukichi Memorial Keio History Museum.
都倉武之
慶應義塾福澤研究センター准教授

Who developed the course?

Keio University

Keio University is Japan’s first modern institution of higher learning, and since 1858 has established itself as a leader in Japan through its continued commitment to education, research and medicine.

  • Established

    1858
  • Location

    Tokyo, Japan
  • World ranking

    Top 200Source: QS World University Rankings 2021

Ways to learn

Buy this course

Subscribe & save

Limited access

Choose the best way to learn for you!

$109/one-off payment

$244.99 for one whole year

Automatically renews

Free

Fulfill your current learning needDevelop skills to further your careerSample the course materials
Access to this courseticktick

Access expires 19 Mar 2024

Access to 1,000+ coursescrosstickcross
Learn at your own paceticktickcross
Discuss your learning in commentstickticktick
Certificate when you're eligiblePrinted and digitalDigital onlycross
Continue & Upgrade

Cancel for free anytime

Ways to learn

Choose the best way to learn for you!

Subscribe & save

$244.99 for one whole year

Automatically renews

Develop skills to further your career

  • Access to this course
  • Access to 1,000+ courses
  • Learn at your own pace
  • Discuss your learning in comments
  • Digital certificate when you're eligible

Cancel for free anytime

Buy this course

$109/one-off payment

Fulfill your current learning need

  • Access to this course
  • Learn at your own pace
  • Discuss your learning in comments
  • Printed and digital certificate when you’re eligible

Limited access

Free

Sample the course materials

  • Access expires 19 Mar 2024

Find out more about certificates, Unlimited or buying a course (Upgrades)

Sale price available until 4 March 2024 at 23:59 (UTC). T&Cs apply.

Find out more about certificates, Unlimited or buying a course (Upgrades)

Sale price available until 4 March 2024 at 23:59 (UTC). T&Cs apply.

Learning on FutureLearn

Your learning, your rules

  • Courses are split into weeks, activities, and steps to help you keep track of your learning
  • Learn through a mix of bite-sized videos, long- and short-form articles, audio, and practical activities
  • Stay motivated by using the Progress page to keep track of your step completion and assessment scores

Join a global classroom

  • Experience the power of social learning, and get inspired by an international network of learners
  • Share ideas with your peers and course educators on every step of the course
  • Join the conversation by reading, @ing, liking, bookmarking, and replying to comments from others

Map your progress

  • As you work through the course, use notifications and the Progress page to guide your learning
  • Whenever you’re ready, mark each step as complete, you’re in control
  • Complete 90% of course steps and all of the assessments to earn your certificate

Want to know more about learning on FutureLearn? Using FutureLearn

Do you know someone who'd love this course? Tell them about it...