Skip to 0 minutes and 10 secondsIn academic writing, it's supposed to be that you have to support your ideas in references, references as books, as literature, articles, journals in general. But you have to be clear which of those points are your own points and the others. Otherwise it could be considered as plagiarism.

Skip to 0 minutes and 35 secondsIncorporating other writers' work into your own writing can be done through quotations, paraphrases, and summarises. Sometimes quotations are a good idea-- for example, if it's just a few words or a definition, while for long sentences and paragraph, summarises and paraphrases would work better.

Skip to 1 minute and 2 secondsYou might find paraphrasing difficult, but paraphrasing implies keep the meaning but changing the words, like for example grammar and vocabulary. But don't be afraid. The more you will practise, the better you will be.

Skip to 1 minute and 23 secondsPlagiarism is somebody stealing someone's work and to claim it is yours. Imagine if someone steals your work or your efforts. How would you feel? And don't forget, plagiarism can be detected as nowadays there are many online programmes, checker. They can pick up plagiarism very quickly and easily. In the end, this is your credibility, and you don't want it to be questioned.

What academic integrity means for students

In the previous Step you learned about academic integrity, and in particular the importance of ensuring that it’s clear in your writing which ideas are your own, and which come from other sources.

As knowledge is shaped through an ongoing “conversation” within academic communities, it’s essential that everyone involved (researchers, academic staff, professional and you) is given recognition and respect for their own work.

Lina and Hayder talk about plagiarism, in the context of academic integrity, and the different techniques (quotations, summarising and paraphrasing) that you can use to integrate references to other sources into your writing.


Now that you’ve heard from Lina and Hayder, we’d like you to think about the following question.

Are you surprised by anything covered in the previous Step and this video?

Share your thoughts in the comment area below. In the next Step these different techniques are discussed in more detail.

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This video is from the free online course:

Study UK: Prepare to Study and Live in the UK

British Council