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Hands-on: Message chain

In this exercise we explore a typical communication pattern, one-dimensional acyclic chain.

Source code for this exercise is located in mpi/message-chain/

Write a simple program where every MPI task sends data to the next one. Let ntasks be the number of the tasks, and myid the rank of the current task. Your program should work as follows:

  • Every task with a rank less than ntasks-1 sends a message to task myid+1. For example, task 0 sends a message to task 1.
  • The message content is an integer array where each element is initialized to myid.
  • The sender prints out the number of elements it sends.
  • All tasks with rank ≥ 1 receive messages.
  • Each receiver prints out their myid, and the first element in the received array.
  1. Implement the program described above using Send and Recv.
  2. Use Sendrecv instead of Send and Recv when sending and receiving.
  3. Can the code be simplified using MPI.PROC_NULL?

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This article is from the free online course:

Python in High Performance Computing

Partnership for Advanced Computing in Europe (PRACE)