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This content is taken from the Lancaster University & Woodbrooke Quaker Study Centre 's online course, Radical Spirituality: the Early History of the Quakers. Join the course to learn more.

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If you’ve enjoyed this course, you might enjoy:

Further study

Online Postgraduate courses at Lancaster University, offered in collaboration with Woodbrooke Quaker Study Centre, led by Ben Pink Dandelion.

Lancaster offers a choice of a three module Postgraduate Certificate in Quaker Studies or the MA Quakerism in the Modern World comprising five modules and a dissertation. These courses are fully online and start each October, 1 year full time, 2 years part time.

Woodbrooke also offers its own courses. Find out more about these courses

Woodbrooke also offers MA and PhD research degrees with the University of Birmingham. Find out more about these courses


Or simply visit the lovely former Cadbury home, its library and its gardens. Bed and breakfast also available, as well as conferencing facilities.

Visit Swarthmoor Hall Self-guided tours, café, gardens, bed and breakfast, self-catering accommodation, short courses and conference facilities.

Visit Brigflatts Meeting House

For further reading, try:

The Spirit of the Quakers by Geoffrey Durham (Yale University Press) A general introduction to Quaker spirituality

The Quakers: a very short introduction by Pink Dandelion (Oxford University Press) A short overview of the history and thought of the Quaker movement.

An Introduction to Quakerism by Pink Dandelion (Cambridge University Press) An introduction to the complete history of the Quaker movement and the differences between the different branches of Quakerism.

The Oxford Handbook of Quaker Studies, edited by Stephen W. Angell and Pink Dandelion (Oxford University Press). A comprehensive collection of articles covering the history of Quaker thought, expression and witness.

The Cambridge Companion to Quakerism, edited by Stephen W. Angell and Pink Dandelion (Cambridge University Press). A collection of articles about Quakerism worldwide and its future.

George Fox and Early Quaker Culture by Hilary Hinds (Manchester University Press) The standard book on George Fox’s life and thought.

The Light in their Consciences: the early Quakers in Britain 1646 - 1666 by Rosemary Moore (Penn State Press) The key text for exploring the first twenty years of Quaker history and theology.


‘Quakers in North-West England’, a Lancaster University web project led by Hilary Hinds, Alison Findlay, Pamela King, and Meg Twycross. It has many photos the area on it and journal extracts as well.

To read George Fox’s journal for the first two parts of what we are covering, start on page 72 and move on to pages 73, 74 and 75.

For a history of early Quakerism in France by Swiss scholar, Edouard Dommen.

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This article is from the free online course:

Radical Spirituality: the Early History of the Quakers

Lancaster University