Typical framework for a research proposal
Let’s try to contextualise what you have studied so far. In this exercise you will be asked to write a draft proposal using a typical framework, give feedback to others about their ideas and review the feedback you have received on your own proposal.
A good research proposal must address what you hope to accomplish, justify the importance of the research at the proposed time and, finally, give clarity on how you intend to conduct the investigation.
A typical framework for a research proposal should include the following:
Introduction: Here you will be expected to state the background or the introduction which provides a description of the basic facts, the important research area and the importance of your research as new knowledge or an improvement to industry practice.
Problem statement: This section provides clarity on the issues that your research will address, including the research questions that you hope to address.
Objectives: This section states the goals as well as the benefits that you hope to achieve through this research. This, in other words, refers to the impacts of the research on the industry.
Preliminary literature review: This is an acknowledgement of previous work that has already been done in your area of research, what knowledge currently exists and what needs to be done. In other words, it justifies the identified gap in knowledge or practice and the need for your research to be carried out at this time.
Methodology: You will be expected to show a logical step-by-step sequence of what to do and how you will do it. This will define your research methods, stating the type of research to be carried out, the data collecting instruments, and the tool for analysing data. You should also put an assessment of the time and resource required for the study.
References: This is an important step where you acknowledge all sources of information that are not originally yours and the ones that are yours but have been previously used in different studies. It includes in-text citation and a reference list at the end of your research proposal.
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