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Skip to 0 minutes and 3 seconds [TYPEWRITER TYPING]

Skip to 0 minutes and 12 seconds There are many ways of doing it. It can be a systematic review or just more descriptive in a report like most of us are doing. But it could be an argument to point out– to state out the problem. I don’t know if there is another way of doing it. It can be both descriptive and also critical in nature. And most of the research, as we find, is a good blend. So we can see it’s more critical or more descriptive, depending on at what stage of research we are in. We could choose either of them. The purpose for using the literature may be, for example, say for PhD, definitely we need to be critical. Yes.

Skip to 0 minutes and 54 seconds And there should be more arguments on literature. Or maybe it’s particularly systematic literature or just literature review for publication. Maybe you’re just like collecting literature and put that into a framework and doing it. So it all depends on where you want to go. The destination is a PhD or a publication or whatever it is. Yeah, it definitely depends with our need, actually. Do we need to get some critical thing that we need to understand? Or other ways maybe we just have to gathering information. So it depends on our purpose, actually, to conduct the literary review. But basically, when we do the literary review, we need to understand descriptively at the same time. We also need to develop our understanding.

Skip to 1 minute and 39 seconds So not only getting information, but we need to get a little bit of a conclusion to get into our research, actually. So what do you think? If you are doing something– an argument like qualitative research and you will explore something, a phenomena or causes or something, so probably you need to think about their arguments and opinions on that. But if you do it like you will develop some technical prototypes or something, I think you need to see what is the last thing. So you have to understand the story from the beginning. Literature can be done in many different ways, because sometimes when I do a literature review, the research problems evolve during the research. And sometimes it just changed dramatically.

Skip to 2 minutes and 35 seconds And I will have to do the literature review again and again and again. And that makes this literature review more critical than just on the presentation of what I have read from this article. And especially if it’s more geared towards PhD, it’s going to be more critical in nature. If it’s for the initial undergrad research, it would be more descriptive in nature. True. [BUZZING SOUND]

Types of literature review

Various approaches to reviewing literature

The video shows some of our students discussing their experience of doing a literature review for the first time. They’re all working at Masters or PhD level, but in various disciplines. See what they have in common, and where their experience of research writing differs.

Conversation starters

  • Have you written a literature review before?

  • What types of literature review are you aware of?

  • Do you think your literature review should be a critical discussion?

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This video is from the free online course:

Research Writing: How to Do a Literature Review

University of Wollongong