Henry's Hampton Court palace
Hampton Court Palace was Henry VIII’s ‘pleasure palace’, where he could hunt, play tennis and joust. However it was his desire for a male heir that allowed him to acquire Hampton Court in the first place.
Thomas Wolsey, the Archbishop of York and key friend and advisor to Henry, acquired an estate in Hampton in 1514. When he had taken on the property, Wolsey was on the rise and soon became a cardinal and Lord Chancellor of England. Hampton Court Palace regularly entertained royalty with Henry VIII often dropping in unannounced and treating the palace as his own.
Wolsey built a vast palatial complex at Hampton Court, transforming the house into a luxurious bishop’s palace with private chambers for himself and three suites for the new royals (Henry VIII, Katherine of Aragon and their daughter Mary). This was a palace fit for royalty and during the 1520s Hampton Court played host to a number of important European delegations – occasions for lavish displays of wealth (both in the décor and the eating). However Wolsey’s popularity was not to last. By the late 1520s Henry was desperately seeking his divorce from Katherine, but she refused to comply, and the Pope would not grant Henry VIII’s wish. The King blamed Wolsey for not securing his needed divorce, and in 1528 the cardinal was stripped of power and forced to give Hampton Court to the King.
Henry VIII undertook his own building works; creating one of the most modern and sophisticated palaces in England. As a result of these improvements Hampton Court boasted tennis courts and bowling alleys, pleasure gardens and a hunting park (of more than 1,100 acres), a magnificent royal chapel and an expansive kitchen designed to feed Henry’s entourage of over 600 people, twice a day.
Hampton Court was a spectacular show of Henry’s wealth and power. The palace was a reminder to visitors, both from home and abroad, of the King’s greatness, and dining formed a key aspect of this show.
The following poem written by John Skelton, a contemporary of Wolsely, shows how magnificent the palace must have been, especially for a non-royal.
Why come you not to Court ?
To which court ?
To the king’s court ?
Or to Hampton Court ?
Nay, to the king’s court !
The king’s court
Should have the excellence
But Hampton Court
Hath the pre-eminence !
You can read more about the history of Hampton Court Palace on the Historic Royal Palaces website.
On the 15th October 1537 Hampton Court hosted perhaps one of the most important celebrations, both politically and privately, of Henry VIII’s reign – the christening of his long-awaited son, Edward – and it is with this event in mind that we proceed.