The Trafficking Victims Protection Act
In 2000, the United States passed the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA).
It was reauthorized in 2003, 2005, 2008 and 2013. The TVPA defines a human trafficking victim as a person induced to perform labour or a commercial sex act through force, fraud, or coercion. It enhances pre-existing criminal penalties in other related laws, affords new protections to trafficking victims and makes available certain benefits and services to victims of severe forms of trafficking.
Please browse the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of the United States.
You can also explore the evolution of the TVPA through its various re-authorisations since 2000.
Can you spot any differences to the UK’s Modern Slavery Act of 2015, which we examined in the previous step? Please post comparisons in the comments.