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Skip to 0 minutes and 0 seconds Sports has been used as a tool. A tool for development and peace, a tool for uniting communities that would otherwise be polarised while being able to use it effectively among the youth and to channel their energies into creative areas and to move them away from antisocial behaviour. I think it is important that the private sector invests and that all stakeholders are brought to the table because the best investment is in our human resource and in our young people. And they’re at the centre of the sports programmes and the the performance of sports worldwide, and its contribution to nations such as Jamaica.

Skip to 0 minutes and 44 seconds we have through our education system, established a programme of physical fitness, where from a young age, our children from the early childhood stage have been involved in physical education. And that has done well for us because our young people have grown up physically fit and so we have been able to instil in them that desire and that need to participate in the various sporting disciplines, particularly in track and field for which we are known. Jamaica is is very grateful to the fact that the Commonwealth Secretariat has come on board and we are now partnering in developing a monitoring and evaluation framework and results management system in order to measure the contribution of sports to Jamaica, to the nation.

Measuring the contribution of sport

Sport can bring huge value to communities. As seen in the video above, Jamaica has identified sport as contributing to the health and happiness of their nation, whilst also supporting tangible benefits to education and unity of communities.

These benefits are undoubtedly positive but how can they be measured?

Indicator toolkit

A toolkit, including model indicators, has been developed through a multi stakeholders international initiative on sport and SDG indicators - “Measuring the contribution of sport, physical education and physical activity to the Sustainable Development Goals” - to outline a common approach to measuring and evaluating sport’s contribution to the SDGs.

Indicator Toolkit voxpop - Mike Armstrong, Commonwealth

The toolkit proposes a results-based management approach for sport physical activity and physical education. This involves development of a theory of change, identifying objectives and anticipated outcomes and developing indicators to monitor the changes in and through sport.

The toolkit also contains an indicator bank which acts as a library of potential indicators that can be used to measure and evaluate changes from policies and programmes as they relate to specific SDG targets.

A common approach to monitoring sports contribution to social, economic and environmental development across programmes and policies at all levels creates a common language across sport systems and with other sectors. The SDGs provide a common and globally recognised system to evaluate impact. Adoption of the Sport and SDG indicators will allow for comparison, shared learning and collaboration across countries, policies and programmes in order to maximise the contribution of sport, physical education and physical activity locally, nationally and globally.

Model indicators

The toolkit offers three-levels of indicators:

  • Category 1: Common indicators – a small suite of global indicators to be collected consistently across all countries.
  • Category 2: Context-/SDG-specific indicators – a wider set of indicators that could be collected at the regional, national or sub-national level to guide the measurement efforts of a broad range of stakeholders, based on context and aligned with regional or national development priorities and the SDGs.
  • Category 3: Programmatic indicators – a common methodology for categorising programmatic or project-level interventions that produces results explicitly linked to prioritised SDGs and targets.

Benefits of Adoption

Development of a national results framework for monitoring the contribution of sport to sustainable development, in line with the global Sport and SDG indicators will provide the following benefits:

  • Reducing the monitoring burden for stakeholders by aligning results frameworks and key indicators with national, regional and international monitoring and reporting mechanisms;
  • Providing access to existing global data sets for baseline data, and use of existing data collection tools;
  • Increasing access to capacity building, support and collaboration platforms on monitoring and evaluating the contribution of sport to the SDGs being developed and the auspices of KAP Action 2;
  • Evidencing coherence with global policy frameworks and action plans including the Kazan Action Plan; the UN Action Plan on Sport for Development and Peace 2018 - 2020, the World Health Organisation’s Global Action Plan on Physical Activity, UNESCO Quality Physical Education initiative and other international indicator sets and frameworks; and
  • Providing a platform to be positioned as leaders in the field of delivering sustainable development outcomes from sport, physical education and physical activity.


Take some time to familiarise yourself with the model indicators. Developing good habits to recognise mapping between model indicators and specific SDG targets will support better programme M&E.

Think about the SDG you selected in the previous step. Find that specific SDG in the category 2 indicators section (pages 25-47). How could you incorporate the indicators in your programme plan? When and where would you need to collect the data?

Next reflect on category 3 (pages 48-49). What is the depth of impact (connect, improve, transform) and type of impact (Behaviour or attitude change; Skills or personal effectiveness; Quality of life or well-being) you are hoping to influence with your programme?

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This video is from the free online course:

Sport for Sustainable Development: Designing Effective Policies and Programmes

The International Platform on Sport and Development