Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) prepare and publish reports presenting the latest evidence for the physical science basis of observed global warming.
Since its establishment in 1988, the IPCC has prepared five multi-volume assessment reports. The fifth and most recent assessment was released between September and November 2014.
This report has suggested:
Warming of the atmosphere and ocean system is unequivocal
The amounts of snow and ice have diminished, sea level has risen, the amounts of greenhouse gases have increased and there has been significantly increased precipitation in some areas
It is extremely likely that human influence has been the dominant cause of the observed warming from the mid-20th century
Global temperatures could rise between one and six degrees centigrade by the end of the century if emissions of greenhouse gases continue.
In October 2018, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released an additional report illustrating the impacts of global warming of 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels and related greenhouse gas emission pathways.
The report illustrated limiting warming to 1.5°C compared to 2°C would have clear benefits to people and natural ecosystems. It argues that limiting the warming to 1.5°C is still possible. However, it requires major and widespread action to cut emissions by half by 2030 and to reach net zero emissions by 2050.
In relation to food production, this report revealed:
“Limiting warming to 1.5°C compared with 2ºC is projected to result in smaller net reductions in yields of maize, rice, wheat and potentially other crops, particularly in sub-Saharn Africa, Southeast Asia and Central and South America, and in the CO2-dependent nutritional quality of rice and wheat (high confidence). Reductions in projected food availability are larger at 2°C than at 1.5°C of global warming in the Sahel, southern Africa, the Mediterranean, central Europe, and the Amazon (medium confidence). Livestock are projected to be adversely affected with rising temperatures, depending on the extent of changes in feed quality, spread of diseases, and water resource availability (high confidence).”
Ultimately, this latest report of the IPCC explains if we can keep global temperatures from rising by no more than half a degree by the end of the century, then things will be better for humans, animals, plants and everything around it.
What we would like you to do
Do you believe an increase of 0.5°C in temperature is a substantial threat to food production?
Please share your thoughts in the comments below.