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Diagnosing Seema who has type 2 diabetes

We will now introduce you to the second of our patients, Seema. Seema is 60 years old, originally from India but now living in the UK, and has type 2 diabetes.

Let us find out some more about Seema

Initial diagnosis

Seema was diagnosed with type 2 diabetes 10 years ago.

What does this mean? 

Seema describes her memories of being diagnosed …

Seema visiting doctor and talking about skin and urine infections

Seema feeling tired and then being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is commonly diagnosed in middle age. It is also being diagnosed in younger adults and children.

Obesity chart from underweight to severely obese

As has been described, Seema currently carries a lot of fat around her waist (central obesity). This is very common in type 2 diabetes as central obesity (around the middle) is related to a reduction in the effect of insulin.

So, even though the body might be producing enough insulin (unlike Carlos with type 1 diabetes), the body is resistant to it.

In many people with type 2 diabetes, the pancreas becomes less effective overtime, so they end up not producing enough insulin either.

Drawing of person with fat around middle of waist

Seema is of Asian descent: type 2 diabetes is found frequently in people from Asia, at least partly due to their smaller height and tendency to put on weight round their middle.

Seema continues to describe her memories of what happened after being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes…

Seema encouraged to modify lifestyle and take more exercise

To see other common symptoms of type 2 diabetes, and compare them with symptoms of type one diabetes, you can visit the symptoms section of, the link of which is at the bottom of this page.

What do you think are the challenges that Seema might face in daily life?

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This article is from the free online course:

Understanding Insulin

University of Southampton