Skip main navigation

AI and Human

What are the differences between AI and Human, this article introduces and discuss them.
This section discusses the distinctions between human cognition and AI algorithms, highlighting the complexities of human thinking versus the data-driven decisions of AI.

The Nature

Human Cognition

Evolved over millions of years; characterized by complex cognitive abilities. Processes vast information influenced by past experiences and emotions. Human thinking embodies intuition, creativity, and empathy. Can understand context, reason ethically, and adapt through learning.
AI / Algorithms
Processes data based on statistical patterns and predefined rules. Lacks emotions, intuition, creativity, and true understanding of context. Requires explicit programming to learn and adapt. Cannot reason ethically or make moral judgments.
Recognized as legal persons with rights and obligations. Protected under criminal and civil law; can enter contracts and own property.
Not considered legal persons; viewed as property. Can’t own property, enter contracts, or be held directly liable. Emerging debates on AI’s legal responsibility and possible “robotic personhood”.

Understanding the fundamental differences between human cognition and AI, as well as their distinct legal standings, is crucial for informed discussions on AI’s role and impact on society.

© Ching-Fu Lin and NTHU, proofread by ChatGPT
This article is from the free online

AI Ethics, Law, and Policy

Created by
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Reach your personal and professional goals

Unlock access to hundreds of expert online courses and degrees from top universities and educators to gain accredited qualifications and professional CV-building certificates.

Join over 18 million learners to launch, switch or build upon your career, all at your own pace, across a wide range of topic areas.

Start Learning now