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Terminologies and Additional Information

Terminologies and Additional Information of this week
Xiongnu – a nomadic confederation that formed during the late 3rd century BCE. The name derives from old Chinese transcripts and has several versions, including Hunnu in Mongolia.

Textual records – old writings that were produced at the same time or after the events.

Material record – tangible remains of past events and cultures. These include artifacts, archaeological sites, and ecofacts (bones, soils, seeds, etc.)

Further Readings

Burentogtokh, Jargalan, William Honeychurch, and William Gardner. “Complexity as integration: pastoral mobility and community building in ancient Mongolia.” Social Evolution & History 18.2 (2019): 55-72.

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Archaeology of Past Nomads on the Mongolian Steppe

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