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This step looks at the importance of confidentiality, integrity and availability (CIA) of information, as well as the AUTOSAR standard.
© Coventry University. CC BY-NC 4.0
There are many reasons why you should protect the information you have stored on your computer, as described below.


The communication between vehicle-to-vehicle/vehicle-to-infrastructure needs confidentiality, integrity and availability (CIA).
Confidentiality: Ensuring that your information remains confidential and is only accessed by those people who need it.
Integrity: Knowing that no one has been able to change your information, so you can depend on its accuracy.
Availability: Making sure that your information is available when you need it (by making backup copies and, if appropriate, storing the backup copies off-site).


The complexity of automotive electronic systems is growing rapidly. It has become inevitable to have flexibility for product modification, updates and upgrades.
AUTomotive Open System ARchitecture (AUTOSAR) is a middleware and system level standard developed in 2003 by various stakeholders – ie vehicle manufacturers, tool vendors, electric/electronic suppliers – to guide the automotive industry in designing and implementing software in the vehicle.
The aim is to improve the reusability of functions across the car lines, basic software and integration complexity between original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) and suppliers. In particular, AUTOSAR provides a standard for the software architecture of electronic control units (ECUs), which help for innovative electronic systems that further improve performance. Technically, AUTOSAR is a layered software architecture underneath.
As of November 2019, there are nine core partners and 58 premium partners in AUTOSAR. Furthermore, you can involve yourself in the development of AUTOSAR through the different partnerships that they offer.
© Coventry University. CC BY-NC 4.0
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Automotive Cyber Security: An Introduction

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