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印度的脱碳能源部门

聚焦印度

印度是世界第三大电力消费国,也是世界第三大可再生能源生产国,2020年可再生能源(风能、太阳能、生物能等)占能源安装总量的38%(136GW/373GW)[1]。该国也是世界第三大能源消费国,自2000年以来,能源使用量翻了一番,仍由煤炭、石油和固体生物质来满足80%的需求[2]。

印度在近期的能源发展中取得了非凡的成就。近年来,印度为数以亿计的公民连接电力输送;推动大多数家庭采用高效的LED照明;并促进对以太阳能为首的可再生能源进行大规模的扩张[3]。

印度的能源未来很有可能是前景广阔。Covid-19在一定程度上减缓了转型的速度,但未来的政策决定将是在2070年前为不断增长的人口和经济实现净零目标承诺的关键[4]。

参考资料

  1. https://www.ey.com/en_sg/recai
  2. https://www.iea.org/reports/india-energy-outlook-2021
  3. 1https://www.iea.org/reports/india-energy-outlook-2021
  4. https://thediplomat.com/2021/11/india-commits-to-net-zero-emissions-by-2070/
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