We use cookies to give you a better experience. Carry on browsing if you're happy with this, or read our cookies policy for more information.

Skip main navigation

Introducing the Expression of dates

In this video, Dr Li will introduce some useful expressions of dates in Chinese.
nǐ zhīdào jīntiān shì shénme rìzǐ ma zhīdào ā jīntiān shì èr líng yī jiǔ nián èr yuè wǔ rì èn yě shì zhōngguó de chūnjiē ne tīngshuō zhōngguó de chūnjiē hěn rènào tīngshuō zhōngguó de chūnjiē hěn rènào shìde nà wǒmen qù kànkàn ba hǎo de The Chinese New Year is the world’s biggest party. From all over China, families get together to celebrate.
Wow. Chinese New Year seems so lively. Did you hear that they date mentioned in the video? Sure. èr líng yī jiǔ nián èryuè wǔrì
Exactly. We are going to learn how to give dates. We have learned a number plus nián to express the year. However, qùnián , jīnnián , míngnián mean last year, this year, and next year. Xiǎo bǎo do you know how to say this year is 2019 in Chinese? Let me try. Is it jīnnián èr líng yī jiǔ nián Great. Similarly, we can say qùnián èr líng yī bā nián míngnián èr líng èr líng nián The structure is qùnián / jīnnián /míngnián plus a number plus nián We have learned how to use a number plus yuè ,rì /hào to talk about months or particular dates. Excellent. Xiǎo bǎo , jīntiān jǐ yuè jǐ rì ?
jīntiān sì yuè shí èr rì , lǎoshī How do I talk about days of the week? The expression is a little different. The structure is xīngqī plus a number. Some examples are xīngqī yī,xīngqī èr,xīngqī sān Oh, I remember. I can say xīngqī liù,xīngqī qī Actually, we don’t say xīngqī qī Instead we say xīngqī rì or xīngqī tiān OK, that’s quite a lot to take in. Yeah. Let’s practise. Wednesday, April 10, 2019. èr líng yī jiǔ nián sì yuè shí rì xīngqī sān
Monday, November 25, 2013. èr líng yī sān nián shí yī yuè èr shí wǔ rì xīngqī yī
Notice that the word order is difference to English. The right order is nián yuè rì , xīngqī Now listen to a dialogue to end the lesson. Xīxī nǐ de shēngrì shì jǐ yuè jǐ hào Wǒ de shēngrì shì wǔ yuè èr shí rì yī jiǔ jiǔ bā nián wǔ yuè èr shí rì.
Nǐ ne wǒ de shēngrì shì sì yuè shí sān hào tiān nǎ jiù shì jīntiān shēngrì kuàilè xièxiè
In this video, we learn how to give dates.
• 年(nián) year
We use “a number+年” to express “the year” ,for example:
2019年èr líng yī jiǔ nián
2020年èr ling èr líng nián
For“last year, this year and next year. ”We say in Chinese “去年qùnián , 今年jīnnián, 明年 míngnián”
So for the sentence “This year is 2019” We say in Chinese “今年2019年。”
Similarly,we can say “去年2018年。”,“明年2020年。”
• 月(yuè)month,日(rì) /号a particular day
The most common way for asking the date is “今天几月几日? Jīntiān jǐ yuè jǐ rì?”
In order to answer this question, we use the structure
“a number+月+a number+日/号”
For example:今天4月12日。Jīntiān sìyuè shí’èr rì.
• 星期(xīngqī)days of week
We also use “今天星期几Jīntiān xīngqī jǐ?” to ask days of week.
In order to answer this question, we use the structure “星期+a number”
Such as, 星期一 xīngqīyī 星期二 xīngqīèr 星期三 xīngqīsān
Notice that the word order of expression is different to English,the right order is:
年 月 日, 星期
Some examples:
2019年4月10日,星期三 Wednesday, April 10th, 2019
2013年11月25日,星期一 Monday,November 25th,2013
The following is the situational dialogue from the Video:
Wáng xiǎo bǎo :Xixi, when’s your birthday?
Xī xī :It’s on May 20th, May 20th, 1998. What about you?
Wáng xiǎo bǎo :My birthday is on April 13th.
Xī xī :God! It’s today! Happy Birthday!
Wáng xiǎo bǎo :Thank you!
This article is from the free online

Introduction to Chinese: Grammar

Created by
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Our purpose is to transform access to education.

We offer a diverse selection of courses from leading universities and cultural institutions from around the world. These are delivered one step at a time, and are accessible on mobile, tablet and desktop, so you can fit learning around your life.

We believe learning should be an enjoyable, social experience, so our courses offer the opportunity to discuss what you’re learning with others as you go, helping you make fresh discoveries and form new ideas.
You can unlock new opportunities with unlimited access to hundreds of online short courses for a year by subscribing to our Unlimited package. Build your knowledge with top universities and organisations.

Learn more about how FutureLearn is transforming access to education