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Botanical Identity Shifts: The Case of Mutong

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In this video, Professor examines the historical changes in botanical identity, focusing on Mutong.

Anciently believed to come from the Akebia species, modern Mutong in China primarily uses Clematis armandii and Akebia species. However, a toxic substitute, Aristolochia manshuriensis, became widespread in the 20th century. While the toxic nature was discovered in 1990, it wasn’t widely recognized until then. The video highlights the shift from the toxic substitute to safe alternatives, Chuanmutong and Akebia origin Mutong, after rigorous investigations into its origin and the risks associated with aristolochic acid.

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Clinical Drug Development of Chinese Herbal Medicine

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