Skip main navigation

The 3 Pricing Models

How will you price your product? Watch this video for an overview of three key pricing models: Cost-based, market-based, and value-based pricing.
0
All right, so, let’s take a look at some pricing models that you can use out there and apply to your business. There are three basic pricing models that I want to introduce to you. First is cost based pricing, cost-based pricing simply says there’s a normal margin that everybody in the industry or everybody in that product segment operates on. So basically, it’s just cost plus a certain margin equals what your profit is going to be. The next one is market-based pricing, market-based pricing says we’re going to take a look at the competition. We’re going to see the general range of pricing that the competition is charging. You’re going to have to fall somewhere within that range, right?
32
Can be on the lower end or in the higher end of the range, or right in the middle. But you do have to be within that range. Now, the third one, the one that I love the most is value-based pricing. Value-based pricing basically says that we’re going to price it all based on what the customer is willing to pay. So, you have the most control over this, this is also the most profitable one as well. So.
48.8
this is the one we’re going to focus on but I’ll actually want to really understand all three of them because you might be forced into using one of the models just because the industry does or certain product or service that you’re offering requires you to kind of focus in on one model versus the other. So, we’re going to take a look at some of the characteristics of these different pricing models. Cost-based pricing, the thing about cost-based pricing is that it tends to be where there’s a lot of competition in the marketplace and little differentiation.
75.9
In generally speaking, these are commodity based products, so you don’t have a lot of wiggle room, there’s no a lot of imagination within cost based pricing that you can come up with unless you can differentiate, which we’ll talk about. Now in market-based pricing you get a little bit more flexibility you can bring in more elements, you get an opportunity to differentiate more but you’re still operating, like I said, within that range of acceptability.
93.7
Now generally speaking, there’s a decent amount of competition in this particular market when we look at market-based pricing and a lot of times it’s seasonal fluctuations, so you might see prices like at hotels go up during a certain holiday season and then dip down and the market kind of moves along with that. So, there will be fluctuations potentially in pricing under certain circumstances in certain industries. And the other thing is that I generally see that market-based pricing service businesses use market-based pricing when we’re looking at that. So, keep in mind if you don’t have to use a market-based pricing if you’re a service business, but generally they fall into that category.
131.2
We’re going to try to break you out of that category and get you to the third one, right? Value-based pricing, value-based pricing says it’s really hard to compare, it’s hard to compare products. They tend to be more unique or the offering tends to be more unique. It tends to be bundled or packaged nicely. So, when you add one thing to another thing you add on something all of a sudden you get a new product or a new service that looks different than everybody else. So, there’s lots of differentiation in value-based pricing as well. So, we’re going to look at some of the different characteristics and what applies best to your business in just a bit.

How will you price your product? Gain an understanding of three key pricing models: Cost-based pricing, market-based pricing, and value-based pricing. This overview includes a look at popular products and service’s pricing models—yogurt, dry cleaning, nutrition bars, furniture, house cleaning, nail salons, hotels, and more.

This article is from the free online

How to Create a Profitable Pricing Strategy

Created by
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Our purpose is to transform access to education.

We offer a diverse selection of courses from leading universities and cultural institutions from around the world. These are delivered one step at a time, and are accessible on mobile, tablet and desktop, so you can fit learning around your life.

We believe learning should be an enjoyable, social experience, so our courses offer the opportunity to discuss what you’re learning with others as you go, helping you make fresh discoveries and form new ideas.
You can unlock new opportunities with unlimited access to hundreds of online short courses for a year by subscribing to our Unlimited package. Build your knowledge with top universities and organisations.

Learn more about how FutureLearn is transforming access to education