Skip main navigation

Hurry, only 10 days left to get one year of Unlimited learning for £249.99 £174.99. New subscribers only. T&Cs apply

Find out more

Common phrases in Methods section

A brief lecutre introudces common phrases in Methods section

Common phrases for the 7 moves in Methods

Move 1 – Overview

Move 2 – Research aim

Move 3 – Subject/materials

  • Eligible women who matched the selection criteria were identified by…
  • All of the chemical compound were commercially available from X company.
  • A random sample of patients with … was recruited from …
  • Articles were searched from January 1965 until April 2014.
  • The sample was representative with respect to gender and …
  • Forty-seven students studying X were recruited for this study.
  • The sample consisted of 200 students, 75 of whom belonged to minority groups.

Move 4 – Location/condition

Move 5 – Procedure

  • All participants were sent…
  • The data were normalized using…
  • Drugs were administered by injection…
  • Data collected using semi-structured interviews in…
  • The experiments were run using custom software written in…
  • The solution was washed three times with deionized water and…

Move 6 – Limitation

  • Further data collection is required to determine exactly how X affects Y.
  • Another major source of certainty is in the method used to calculate X.
  • In this investigation there are several sources for error. The main error is…
  • In particular, the analysis of X was problematic.
  • The small size of the dataset meant that it was not possible to…

Move 7 – Analysis

  • Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software.
  • Data management and analysis were performed using SPSS 16.0.
  • A Pearson correlation analysis was conducted in order to assess the strength of…
  • Reliability was calculated using Cronbach’s alpha.
  • A p vale < 0.05 was considered significant.

[Reflection] Let’s reading for writing!!!

  • Does the Methods section of your model article include all the 7 common move?
  • If not, what moves in Discussion can you identify?
  • Mark some common phrases used in Methods section of your model article.
  • Include the moves and use the common phrases you identify in model articles in your own manuscript!
This article is from the free online

Deconstructing Research Articles: How to Read and Write a Research Paper

Created by
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Reach your personal and professional goals

Unlock access to hundreds of expert online courses and degrees from top universities and educators to gain accredited qualifications and professional CV-building certificates.

Join over 18 million learners to launch, switch or build upon your career, all at your own pace, across a wide range of topic areas.

Start Learning now