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Further reading on CARS model

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Effective Steps for Writing a Research Paper: CARS Model

As an academic writer, it is essential to follow a structured approach while writing a research paper. The CARS model is a proven framework that can be used to write effective research papers. This model consists of three moves that must be included in the introduction section of the research paper. This article will explain each move in detail and provide examples of commonly used language to help you write a compelling and well-structured research paper.

Move 1: Establishing a Research Territory

The first move in the CARS model is to establish a research territory. This move is further divided into two sub-moves, move 1a, and move 1b. Move 1a is optional, depending on the field of research. In move 1a, the writer convinces the readers of the importance, centrality, interest, problematic nature, or relevance of the general research area. This move can be achieved by using common language patterns such as “Something [X] was one of the most popular technology [Ys] during a certain period of time,” “Traditionally, your topics [Xs] have subscribed to the belief,” or “Recently, a considerable literature has grown up around the theme of [a certain topic].” In move 1b, the writer introduces and reviews previous literature, references, and what previous researchers have found regarding the topic or technology. This move is essential and obligatory because research builds on previous research. Commonly used language patterns for move 1b include “There is a large volume of published studies describing the role of [fill in your topic and key words],” or “Most studies of your topic [X] have only investigated the impact of [something].”

Move 2: Establishing a Niche

Move 2 is about establishing a niche by pointing out a gap in the literature or identifying something missing based on the researcher’s understanding of the field. This move is critical because it sets the stage for the research paper’s contribution. By using language patterns such as “Most studies of cancer research [X] have only focused on [something],” the author indicates that something is missing or the previous studies are not comprehensive enough. It is essential to be clear and direct in identifying the gap in the literature.

Move 3: Occupying the Niche

Move 3 aims to occupy the niche by addressing the gap identified in move 2. Move 3 is further divided into sub-moves, 3a, 3b, and 3c. Move 3a is obligatory and involves outlining the purpose, aim, goal, and objective of the research. The writer tells the readers directly what they intend to do in the research paper. Move 3b is optional and depends on the research’s nature and field. It involves formulating a research question or hypothesis to be addressed in the research paper. Moves 3c, 3d, and 3e are optional and involve announcing the principal findings, stating the value of the present research, and providing a structure of the research article.

In conclusion, using the CARS model can help writers structure and write an effective research paper. Move 1 establishes the importance of the research area and reviews previous literature. Move 2 identifies the gap in the literature, and move 3 aims to occupy the niche by addressing the gap identified in move 2. By following these three moves and using common language patterns, writers can produce a convincing and well-structured research paper.

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Deconstructing Research Articles: How to Read and Write a Research Paper

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