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A brief lecture emphasizes the importance of crticial reading of research papers.

Lessons learned in combined R & D section

  • Descriptive verb (observation): passive voice
    • analytical verb (inference): active voice
  • Tentative / analytical verbs:
    • can, might, may
    • appear, indicate, suggest, reveal
  • Mid-position adverb:
    • intentionally
  • More than finding description:
    • Include discussion
    • compare the present and previous studies
  • Tense used in literature (when referring to previous studies)
    • Simple past
    • Present
    • Present perfect
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Deconstructing Research Articles: How to Read and Write a Research Paper

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