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The difference between Type 1 and 2 diabetes

Type 1
Type 1 Type 2
Approximately 5-10% of patients with diabetes have type 1 diabetes. Approximately 90-95% of patients with diabetes have type 2 diabetes.
Is not reversible. Is reversible.
Individuals with type 1 have either been born with or developed an autoimmune disease whereby an individual’s own immune system attacks their pancreatic cells, destroying enough of them that they cannot produce enough insulin to live. In contrast, as Shohn mentioned in his lesson, the skeletal cells in the body of an individual with type 2 diabetes don’t respond normally to insulin and or absorb glucose.
Other than family history, individuals develop type 1 diabetes by chance, there is still a lot of research being conducted to determine the cause. Type 2 is largely as a result of an individual’s lifestyle choices and can be reversed (a lot more about this will be talked about in the upcoming lectures).
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Diabetes Explained

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