Skip main navigation

Progress after Hyogo

Article discussing the progress that was made after Hyogo.
© Coventry University. CC BY-NC 4.0
Broadly, the Hyogo Framework for Action proved to be an influential and useful normative framework for guiding global effort towards disaster risk reduction.
It facilitated more comprehensive approaches to disaster risk reduction as opposed to piecemeal efforts (Kishore 2009).
Kishmore (2009) made clear that many interventions made under the priorities for action were not explicit about how they contribute to the achievement of the overall intended outcome of the framework, that of a:
  • Substantial reduction of disaster losses, in lives and in the social, economic and environmental assets of communities and countries.
There was evidence of greater investment in disaster risk reduction. An external review of national progress documents against the HFA revealed that the majority of sub-national interventions focused on risk assessment, preparedness and planning to respond to emergencies (Tozier de la Poterie 2015), recovery efforts and the implementation of early warning systems. This was perhaps a legacy influence from the tsunami that immediately preceded the HFA’s inception.

Progress in reducing vulnerability

The risk assessments undertaken were often single or collective hazard assessments (rather than integrated multi-hazard assessments) not suited to identifying, assessing, and reducing social vulnerability. A much greater effort was still needed to understanding this area of vulnerability.
Vulnerability analysis in terms of intersectional relationships was rarely undertaken. For example, initial data from national reports indicated that 62 out of 70 countries did not even collect gender dis-aggregated vulnerability and capacity information. The application of the label ‘vulnerable’ to women effectively excluded them from many decision-making platforms. Despite the Millennium Development Goals for gender equality, DRR was struggling to engage effectively with women.


Kishore (2009) Literature review: Mid-Term Review, Hyogo Framework for Action [online] available from [17 December 2019]
Tozier de la Poterie, A., and Baudoin, M. (2015) ‘From Yokohama to Sendai: Approaches to Participation in International Disaster Risk Reduction Frameworks’. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science 6 (2), 128-139
UNISDR (2011) Hyogo framework for action 2005–2015 mid-term review. [17 December 2019]
© Coventry University. CC BY-NC 4.0
This article is from the free online

Disaster Risk Reduction: An Introduction

Created by
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Our purpose is to transform access to education.

We offer a diverse selection of courses from leading universities and cultural institutions from around the world. These are delivered one step at a time, and are accessible on mobile, tablet and desktop, so you can fit learning around your life.

We believe learning should be an enjoyable, social experience, so our courses offer the opportunity to discuss what you’re learning with others as you go, helping you make fresh discoveries and form new ideas.
You can unlock new opportunities with unlimited access to hundreds of online short courses for a year by subscribing to our Unlimited package. Build your knowledge with top universities and organisations.

Learn more about how FutureLearn is transforming access to education