Skip main navigation

How are personal pronouns combined?

Ser is the most frequently used verb in Portuguese. If you can easily retrieve its conjugation, it will be a great step forward
Personal Pronouns And Verb Ser

Below is a list of personal pronouns:

pronoun translation good to know
Eu I
Tu You ‘You person’. More informal in Portugal. Less common in Brazil.
Você You ‘You person’. More formal in Portugal. Common in Brazil.
Ele – Ela He – She There is no ‘it’. Things will either be masculine or feminine.
Nós We
Vós You This is very rare. Ignore it when you see it on verb conjugation dictionaries.
Vocês You ‘You people’. This has replaced vós in modern Portuguese.
Eles – Elas They Eles: masculine. Elas: feminine. Eles is also used when a group has different genders.

Listen to the pronouns on the table above: Listen

Conjugate verb ser

This is how to conjugate verb ser (to be):

Ser = to be, e.g. I am…, you are.., she is…, they are… etc.

pronoun ser
Eu sou
Tu és
Você é
Ele – Ela é
Nós somos
Vocês são
Eles – Elas são

Listen to the combinations of pronoun + ser on the table above:

BrazilListen PortugalListen

Note that some combinations are unique. Example: és can only go with tu. This means you have the option to just say és and the listener will know you mean tu és. However, for example, é can go not only with você, but also with ele, and ela. Therefore, it is often clearer to say você é instead of only é. This rationale works for all verbs.

Differing pronouns

Considering that the same verb conjugation may go with different pronouns — e.g. vocês são, eles são — every time we display a table of verbs, we can use the following format:

pronoun ser
Eu sou
Tu és
Você – Ele – Ela é
Nós somos
Vocês – Eles – Elas são


If we assume we know the above, we can make our table even simpler:

Eu sou
Tu és
Ele é
Nós somos
Elas são


Common verb

Ser is the most frequently used verb in Portuguese. If you can easily retrieve its conjugation, it will be a great step forward in your progress. Play with flashcards to reinforce the conjugation:

Click here to go to Quizlet.

Click here to play the match game on Quizlet.


This article is from the free online

Foundations of Portuguese for Global Communication

Created by
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Our purpose is to transform access to education.

We offer a diverse selection of courses from leading universities and cultural institutions from around the world. These are delivered one step at a time, and are accessible on mobile, tablet and desktop, so you can fit learning around your life.

We believe learning should be an enjoyable, social experience, so our courses offer the opportunity to discuss what you’re learning with others as you go, helping you make fresh discoveries and form new ideas.
You can unlock new opportunities with unlimited access to hundreds of online short courses for a year by subscribing to our Unlimited package. Build your knowledge with top universities and organisations.

Learn more about how FutureLearn is transforming access to education