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Gender and number agreement: nationalities

Work on your syntax.
gênero e número

1. Agreeing one’s nationality in a sentence may already be intuitive to you. If not, you can follow 3 steps. These steps work across the language for words that describe someone / something. Let’s use the prompt below. We need to replace the flag by its nationality.

Eles são britânicos

(1) Who is the subject? Answer: eles.

(2) Is the subject feminine or masculine? Answer: masculine. Masculine for British is: britânico.

(3) Is the subject singular or plural? Answer: plural. So we need to make britânico plural: britânicos.

Final sentence: Eles são britânicos. Listen BPListen EP

Eles são britânicos.

Let’s do one more example:

Ela é britânica.

(1) Who is the subject? Answer: ela.

(2) Is the subject feminine or masculine? Answer: feminine. Feminine for British is: britânica.

(3) Is the subject singular or plural? Answer: singular. So we don’t need to add anything else: britânica.

Final sentence: Ela é britânica. Listen BPListen EP

Ela é britânica.

2. Where would não go in the sentences above to turn them into negative sentences as in: They are not British / She is not British?

Answer: Eles não são britânicos. Listen BPListen EP

Eles não são britânicos.

Answer: Ela não é britânica. Listen BPListen EP

Ela não é britânica.

3. How would you agree the country’s nationality in both sentences below? Before you scroll down for the answer, try to figure it out. If you need a clue, listen to the answers: Listen BPListen EP Elas são + chinese. Ele não é + chinese.

ANSWER:

Elas são chinesas.

Ele não é chinês.

4. Take the content above into account and go a couple of steps back where there is the sentence builder table. Then here in the comments write a few positive and negative sentences. Example:

Vocês são mexicanas.

Vocês não são mexicanas.

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Foundations of Portuguese for Global Communication

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