Skip main navigation

Hurry, only 6 days left to get one year of Unlimited learning for £249.99 £174.99. New subscribers only. T&Cs apply

Find out more

Definite articles: o – os – a – as

Definite articles.
Definite Articles O Os A As

1. In English the definite article is ‘the’. As Portuguese syntax needs to consider gender and number for all nouns, there are 4 ways to say ‘the’.

  singular plural
masculine o os
feminine a as

2. The following words will reapper in the course. Let’s use them as examples:

(1) Family members:

the son the sons
o filho os filhos
the daughter the daughters
a filha as filhas

Listen

(2) ‘Country’ and ‘city’:

the country the countries
o país os países
the city the cities
a cidade as cidades

Listen

(3) Personal objects:

the pen the pens
a caneta as canetas
the computer the computers
o computador os computadores

Listen

the mobile phone the mobile phones
o telemóvel (EP)
o celular (BP)
os telemóveis (EP)
os celulares (BP)

Listen

2. Most good monolingual and bilingual dictionaries inform the gender of every noun. See an example from this dictionary:

Dictionary exampleWould you like to see the above straight from the source? Click here to go to Infopédia dictionary.

By looking at the information above, we know that ‘book’ is a masculine word. Therefore: o livro – os livros (the book – the books).

This article is from the free online

Foundations of Portuguese for Global Communication

Created by
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Reach your personal and professional goals

Unlock access to hundreds of expert online courses and degrees from top universities and educators to gain accredited qualifications and professional CV-building certificates.

Join over 18 million learners to launch, switch or build upon your career, all at your own pace, across a wide range of topic areas.

Start Learning now