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Evolving Notions of Global Health Security


Dr. Jamisia Hoyle, a visiting professor at Taipei Medical University, explores the dynamic concept of global health security. It’s influenced by political, economic, cultural, and technological factors. The World Health Organization initially defined it in 1946 as essential for peace and security. Over time, definitions evolved, emphasizing early prevention during the HIV epidemic and addressing violence’s impact on health security.

In 2000, the UN recognized health security challenges related to HIV/AIDS and instability. Following the SARS outbreak and the International Health Regulations of 2005, WHO provided a comprehensive health security definition.

Today, global health security aims to prevent infectious diseases through worldwide collaboration, early detection, and swift responses. It encompasses concerns about natural diseases, accidental incidents (like lab safety breaches), and intentional threats (bioweapons). Key principles include epidemic prevention, robust surveillance, and rapid response. Historical events like the Cold War and pandemics (SARS, H1N1, Ebola, Zika) continually redefine health security. Preparedness and rapid responses are crucial in addressing evolving threats.

Please take some time use the questions to help you follow this video:

  • How has the definition of health security evolved over time?
  • What are the key principles of global health security outlined in the article, and why are they important in addressing health security threats?
  • Can you provide examples of historical events mentioned in the article that have had a significant impact on the definition and understanding of health security?
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Global Health Security: Policies and Organisations

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