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The Evolution of International Health Regulations and the PIP Framework


In this presentation, Professor Fen-Jen Tsai from Taipei Medical University discusses the evolution of international health regulations, focusing on the Pandemic Influenza Preparedness (PIP) framework.

After the 2005 global shock of SARS, the international health regulations were established, emphasizing infectious disease control. However, controversies arose in 2006 when Indonesia withheld virus samples from the World Health Organization (WHO), citing concerns over benefit-sharing mechanisms. This sparked a debate over whether it violated the 2005 regulations. Eventually, in 2011, the PIP framework was established to address equitable access to virus samples, vaccines, and benefits. The presentation sheds light on the complex issues surrounding global health security and virus sharing.

Review Questions:

  • What prompted the establishment of international health regulations in 2005, and how did they initially promote global cooperation?
  • Why did Indonesia decide to withhold virus samples from WHO in 2006, and what were their main concerns?
  • How did the PIP framework address the issues raised by Indonesia and promote equitable access to influenza viruses and related benefits?
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Global Health Security: Policies and Organisations

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