Okay.As I mention that Pakistan is a hub of natural and cultural resources. So for a country to be a tourist destination, it is most important that what actually its offer. Actually when we just talk about offer, offer means what attractions actually be offered to the tourists. So Pakistan offers many attractions, for example the adventure attraction, for example the highest peaks attractions, for example local culture, local cuisine and so many other things. And in 2017-2018,the Backpacker Society of England announced Pakistan is the NO.1 adventure destination of the world. If we want to talk about Pakistan, we must say that Pakistan is the home of five highest peaks in the world.
First one is the Mount Everest, and second highest peak is K-2 that is in Pakistan. And another thing which is very important to mention here that Pakistan is also the home of meeting point of Hindu Kush and Himalaya Mountains. And furthermore if people may hear about Lady Finger -the Nanga Parbat, it is also in Pakistan. And Pakistan is the home of more than 5000 glaciers.
Similarly Pakistan offers a lot for the trekkers, for the hiking people,for the climbers. And different areas,for example Kaghan Valley, Swat Valley and Kashmir Valley,Hunza Gilgit-Baltistan Valley, all of these are the most domestic tourism attracted areas. As much as the international tourists just love to come to explore these areas, and there are many opportunities for tourism sports, for example skiing, rafting and similarly scuba diving, gliding,water sports. So Pakistan offers a variety and diversity of opportunities and attractions to the tourists. And one thing which is important to mention here that we have the proper access. In tourism we must have the proper infrastructure, so Pakistan has the infrastructure to all of the attraction.
We have the required amenities, for example the hotels,restaurants,food facilities and tour guides,tour operators, each required facilities Pakistan has. Furthermore every country it must have the beaches, so Pakistan has the fabulous beaches, that is the Clifton beach and so many others. And similarly safaris most in the wild setup, some of the people,some of the tourists like to have safaris. So in Pakistan you have Jeep safaris and desert safaris and even helicopter safaris and many more. And the most important for the natural tourists are the valleys, so Pakistan is the home of four hundreds of valleys.
In which I would like to mention some of them, for example Chitral Valley and Passu Valley and Kaghan Valley and Neelam Valley.There are many more, but due to the shortage of time, I would just mention few of them. As I told that Pakistan is the divers country, so it also offers the deserts to the tourists, and some of the tourists like to get involved in camel safaris and jeep safaris, especially in desert and also to have some hunting. Pakistan offers different deserts,for example Cholistan Desert,Thar Desert,Kharan Desert and many more. Similarly some of the tourists are interested in the heritage of a country. So Pakistan is the home of two big civilization that is Gandhara Civilization and Indus Civilization.
Gandhara Civilization, you can date it back around about 1500-2000 BC, while Indus Valley Civilization can be dated back to 5000 BC. And it is the scholars of archaeology and anthropology think that it is parallel to Mesopotamia and Egyptian civilizations. And still we have the remains of Indus Valley Civilization and Gandhara Civilization. One is just get astonished when going to the Mohenjo-daro and Harappa sites of Indus Valley Civilization, so you will surprise down planning by there sustainable, one thing get astonished by looking and how 5000 years ago they were able to build such marvelous things.
Then it comes to the other heritage sites, so Pakistan is also the home of Sikh heritage, Especially Sikh pilgrims comes from India, from others of world to the Nankana Sahib, which is situated in Hassan Abdal and they perform their duties and proper security and facilities are provided to them by the government and by the local people. Similarly we have colonial heritage as Pakistan and India has been under British Government for 200 years, so they have developed some marvelous buildings, so we have architecture of British time. And again,one thing more that Pakistan just has four provinces that is Punjab,Sindh,Baluchistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
All the people of these provinces have different languages, different culture,different cuisines, so a mix of ethnic groups are living in Pakistan. There are few minorities in Pakistan, especially Kalasha people which the scholars think that they are the decedents of Alexander the Great, they have still performing their rituals and they have round about thirty two gods, those people are living in the Chitral Valley, and they have one thing which I would alike, they have some individuals from the rest of the world as they just dance when someone dies, as the rest of the world people are just crying and weeping for the loving one, but when someone dies in Kalash,people who they dance and they throw some wine and things like that.