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ASHP guideline to patient education

In ASHP recommendation, there are some possible contents of a patient education. First, you need to introduce medication name, including trade name, generic name, common synonym, or other descriptive names. When appropriate, you may also introduce the therapeutic class or efficacy. Second, you can introduce the medications use and expected benefits and action. This may include the medication could prevent or cure the disease, or it just release or reduce the symptoms, or it can only delay the process of the disease. You can further tell the patient the expected onset of action and what to do if the medication does not work. Then introduce the medications route, dosage form, dosage, and administration schedule, including duration of therapy.
Then, teach patients how to prepare, use, or administrate their medications. In most of times, pharmacists should give advices on how to adapt the medication use to fit patient’s daily routine, lifestyle, or work environments. And importantly, tell patients how to do if they missed the dose. Then, educate patients to be aware of potential risks and possible allergy during the treatment use. Patients usually are afraid of side effects, so you may discuss with patients about the common and severe adverse effects in advance, and educate them how to prevent or minimize their occurrence.
Furthermore, tell patients what to do if they occur side effects, including contact to their doctor, pharmacist, or other health care providers. You may also educate patients how to self-monitoring of their pharmacotherapy. You may also discuss with patients about concurrently disease and medications or daily food, and explain the possible drug-drug interaction, drug-food interaction ,or drug-disease interaction, or contraindication. If patients need to follow up their data, you may explain the medication’s relationships to laboratory procedure or other examinations, and also explain the results. A well storage can maintain the potency of medication, so it is important to educate patients how to storage medication. And it’s also important to tell them how to dispose contaminated or discontinued medications and devices.
And most importantly, tell patients how to find a pharmacist for help. After a individual patient education, pharmacists should document education in patient’s medical records or in the pharmacy’s patient profiles. The content of the record may include pharmacist name, the date of education, objects of education, and the understanding level after education. And if possible, you may also summarize the content of education in the records. All records need to comply with laws, including protecting patients’ privacy. In conclusion, providing patient education by pharmacists is quite a direct and effective way to accomplish a successful treatment outcome. Though effective education, we can motivate patients to prepare themselves to be more confident to face their disease and to follow their pharmacotherapeutic regimens and monitor plans.
Pharmacists should educate all patients as much as you can, and should encourage patients to seek information and overcome difficulties. Furthermore, patient education could be provided by other healthcare members, so pharmacists should find opportunities to cooperate with other healthcare members and provide supports on patient education regarding the medication use. This could enhance patient’s adherence to their regimens, monitoring of drug effects and feedback to the health care team. In the following lecture of clinical pharmacy service, our pharmacist will introduce clinical pharmacy service, including several kinds of patient education that we have provided in Taiwan. Thank you for your attention.

American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP), established in 1942, has been at the forefront of efforts to improve medication use and enhance patient safety. There are nearly 58,000 members in ASHP, include pharmacists, student pharmacists, and pharmacy technicians. ASHP has a recommended guideline for patient education.

In this video, Ms Chou will be going over the guideline in more detail. As suggested, a list of information should be provided to the patients. Including basic drug information, side effects, and how to seek help. Besides receiving feedback from patients. It is also important to collaborate with other healthcare professionals to ensure maximum efficiency.

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Good Pharmacy Practice: Introduction to Medication Delivery Systems

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