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What is a green corridor?

Green corridors are planned networks of natural vegetation that create living pathways and boundaries in urban areas.
A creek with trees on either side of the water
© RMIT Europe and EIT Urban Mobility

The term ‘green corridor’ is commonly used in many countries in Europe, however, the concept is named differently around the globe such as ‘corridors verdes’ in Portugal, ‘zold folyod’ in Hungary, ‘greenways’ in the United States (Fabos 1995), and ‘green corridors’ and ‘green wedges’ in Australia.

Green corridors are prevalent across the globe and have multiple interacting functions. Green corridors are planned networks of natural vegetation that create living pathways and boundaries in urban areas.
They provide many distinct and interacting functions:
  • Access to local green space for local communities and visitors, from which they can receive multiple benefits such as rest, recreation and appreciation.
  • Green corridors have important ecological functions:
    • providing shade, wind protection and cooling
    • pollution management
    • waterway management
    • connecting natural features and providing habitat and pathways for species.
  • They can be designed for their aesthetic, social and cultural values. They can be ornamental, tourist attractions, important expressions of cultural heritage, and our current social and cultural imagination.
  • Green corridors can also be used to take advantage of, and provide infrastructure, including transport pathways and underground and above-ground utilities e.g. water, communications, and energy infrastructure.

Examples of green corridors

There are many examples of different types of corridors around the world, built for distinct purposes, for example:

Ornamental green corridor

The Champs-Elysées, in Paris, France, is an iconic green corridor originally planted for beautification, sanitation, and as an expression of power (Laurian 2019).

Mobility corridor

City of Greater Bendigo, in Victoria, Australia, has been designed to encourage gentle, daily activity (Sun et al. 2021).

Water management corridor

Blue Green Infrastructure projects have been a focus in Stockholm, Sweden (Suleiman 2021).

A holistic approach

Holistic considerations have included combining temperature, wind patterns, humidity, precipitation, and air quality in Stuttgart, Germany (Hebbert and Webb 2012).
We will return to these examples throughout the course, including interviews with experts involved in their design.
If you would like to learn more about the benefits of biodiversity for urban nature, and how to apply nature-based-solutions, visit our partner course Bringing Urban Nature Into the Cities of Tomorrow:

Your task

Read through the following questions, and then spend some time reflecting on them in your own personal journal. These questions are designed to help reinforce the skills you are learning, and the greatest benefit will come from consideration of these questions over time.
Note: We encourage you to reach out and interact with your peers for guidance, assistance and support if you have difficulty with any aspect of this task.
In the comments below you can give some examples of the following:
  • Choose a green corridor in your local area.
  • What functions does it provide in your city?
  • Tell us about the green corridor in the comments so we can gain insight into corridors around the globe.

Commenting isn’t compulsory for completing the course, but it would be brilliant to hear your insights and for your fellow learners to benefit from your perspectives.

References (Free to the public)

Academic references (Abstract only free to the public)

In the next step, you will learn more about green corridors.

© RMIT Europe and EIT Urban Mobility
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Designing a Green Corridor for Clean Air and Comfort

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