Skip main navigation

Chinese characters

Today will learn: 4 Characters: 上 下 本 末; 1 Component structures: enclosure structure; 2 Radicals: 囗 礻

New characters

上 shàng up; above

下 xià down; below

本 běn the root of everything

“本”originally looked like a tree with a dot sign at its bottom, therefore it referred to the root of a tree.

末 mò non-fundamental; secondary

Structure

enclosure structure:四 国

The enclosure structure is a structure enclosed on all the four sides.

Radicals

囗:related to being surrounded or trapped

围 wéi to surround 困 kùn to be trapped

礻:The radical 礻 is a variant of 示, a character usually related to sacrificial rites and one’s fortune.

祝 zhù to wish 福 fú blessing

Homework

Please match the characters with the structures.

1.明 2.这 3.国4.怎 5.做 6. 高

A. left-right B. left-middle-right C. top-down D. top-middle-down E. half-enclosure F. enclosure

This article is from the free online

HSK Standard Course Level 1: 1.2

Created by
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Our purpose is to transform access to education.

We offer a diverse selection of courses from leading universities and cultural institutions from around the world. These are delivered one step at a time, and are accessible on mobile, tablet and desktop, so you can fit learning around your life.

We believe learning should be an enjoyable, social experience, so our courses offer the opportunity to discuss what you’re learning with others as you go, helping you make fresh discoveries and form new ideas.
You can unlock new opportunities with unlimited access to hundreds of online short courses for a year by subscribing to our Unlimited package. Build your knowledge with top universities and organisations.

Learn more about how FutureLearn is transforming access to education