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New words and language points

Let's learn some new words and expressions first.

New words

饭店 fàndiàn restaurant; hotel

饭 fàn meal+ 店diàn shop; 商店 shāngdiàn shop, store; 书店 shūdiàn book shop; 水果店 shuǐguǒdiàn fruit shop

出租车 chūzūchē taxi/ cab

坐 出租车 zuò chūzūchē to take a taxi/ cab

公共 汽车 gōnggòng qìchē bus

坐 公共 汽车 zuò gōnggòng qìchē take a bus

地铁 dìtiě subway

坐 地铁 zuò dìtiě take the subway

自行车 zìxíngchē bike

骑自行车 qí zìxíngchē ride a bike

开车 kāi chē drive

走路 zǒulù walk

一起 yìqǐ together

和hé + sb. + 一起 yìqǐ + v. E.g. 和 朋友 一起 吃饭 hé péngyou yìqǐ chī fàn

Language points

是 shì …的 de is used to emphasise the ways of how something is done or how it occurred.

In positive and interrogative sentences, 是can be omitted.

For example:

我是坐出租车来的。=我坐出租车来的。

他是开车去饭店的。=他开车去饭店的。

If we want to ask the manner, we use 怎么to make a question:

你是 怎么 来 的?Nǐ shì zěnme lái de?

Please note 是 must be used in the negative form.

For example:

我 不 是 坐 出租车 来 的。Wǒ bú shì zuò chūzūchē lái de. √

我不坐出租车来的。×

他 不是 开 车 去 饭店 的。Tā bú shì kāi chē qù fàndiàn de.√

他不开车去饭店的。×

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