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New words and language points

Let's look at how to express an approximate number in Chinese.

New words

新 xīn adj. new

旧 jiù adj. old

椅子 yǐzi n chair

电脑 diànnǎo n computer

要 yào aux, to want to, would like to

Language points

“几”can indicate an indefinite number less than 10, followed by a measure word. For example:

量词 (measure word) 名词(noun)

“几”also can be used with number 10.

When “几”is used after 十,“十几”, it means a number more than 10, but less than 20.

For example: “十几个人”, it could be 12 people, or 15 people, but anyway, less than 20 people.

When 几 is used before 十,“几十”, it means a number more than 20, less than 100.

For example: “几十个人”, it could be 40 people, or 60 people, but less than 100 people.

“多”can express approximate number as well. When the number is less than 10, “多” should be put after the measure word.

For example:三个多月,五个多小时,六块多.

When the number is 10 or more than 10, “多” is put before the measure word. For example:十多个月,五十多个小时,六十多块

In this case “多”and “几”are interchangeable. We can also say 十几个月,五十几个小时,六十几块

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HSK Standard Course Level 2: 2.1

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