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New words and language points

Today we will learn the expression of introducing your family members to your friends from a photo and how to use 比 to make comparison.

New words

孩 子 háizi n. child, kid.

小 孩子 xiǎo háizi

男 孩子 nán háizi

女 孩子 nǚ háizi

Pay attention“男孩子、女孩子”sometimes not just refers to kids, they can be used for young boys or girls.

For example:

那个 女 孩 子 是 我 姐姐 。Nàge nǚ háizi shì wǒ jiějie.

右 边 yòubian n. right, right side

左边 zuǒbian n. left, left side

比 bǐ prep. than, superior or inferior to

Language points

The “比”sentence

A 比 B + adj means A is more … than B

老 师 比 学生 高 。Lǎoshī bǐ xuésheng gāo.

明天 比 今天 热。Míngtiān bǐ jīntiān rè.

这个 商店 的 苹果 比 那个 商店 的 苹果 贵。Zhège shāngdiàn de píngguǒ bǐ nàge shāngdiàn de píngguǒ guì.

the same part of A and B can be omitted in the latter one, like:

这个 商店 的 苹果 比 那个 商店 的 贵。Zhège shāngdiàn de píngguǒ bǐ nàge shāngdiàn de guì.

The negative form: A 没有B + adj A is not as … as B

学生 没有 老师 高 。Xuésheng méiyǒu lǎoshī gāo.

今天 没有 明天 热。Jīntiān méiyǒu míngtiān rè.

这个 商店 的 苹果 没有 那个 商店 的 贵。Zhège shāngdiàn de píngguǒ méiyǒu nàge shāngdiàn de guì.

If you want to specify the difference between A and B, a specific number can be used after the adjective. The structure is:

A 比B + adj + numeral phrase A is … more than B

姐姐20岁,我18岁。Jiějie suì, wǒ suì.

姐姐 比 我 大 两 岁。Jiějie bǐ wǒ dà liǎng suì.

这个西瓜23块,那个西瓜20块。Zhège xīguā 23kuài, nàge xīguā 23kuài.

这个西瓜 比 那个 贵 三 块 。Zhège xīguā bǐ nàge guì sān kuài qián.

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HSK Standard Course Level 2: 2.3

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