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New words and language points

Let's have a look how to use the particle 得 to introduce a complement of result or degree.

New words

妻子 qīzi n. wife

Language points

S+(V)O+V+得+adj

In the last lesson we have learnt the particle 得 to introduce a complement of result or degree,for example: 他吃得很多。Tā chī de hěn duō.

If the verb takes an object,for example,if I want to say he eats a lot of meat. In this case, the object should be put before the verb, for example:

他肉吃得很多。Tā ròu chī de hěn duō. or we should copy the verb. For example:

他吃肉吃得很多。Tā chī ròu chī de hěn duō.

Another example:

她歌唱得很好。Tā gē chàng de hěn hǎo.

or

她唱歌唱得很好。Tā chàng gē chàng de hěn hǎo.

In the negative form, the negative word 不should be put after “得”。 S+(V)O+V+得+不+adj

For example: 他肉吃得不多。Tā ròu chī de bù duō./他吃肉吃得不多。Tā chī ròu chī de bù duō.

她歌唱得不好。Tā gē chàng de bù hǎo./ 她唱歌唱得不好。Tā chàng gē chàng de bù hǎo.

V+得+adj can also be used in the “比”sentence: A比B+V+得+adj

For example:

哥哥比我跑得快。

他比大卫学得好。

Or we can use A+V+得+比+B+ adj, for example:

哥哥跑得比我快。

他学得比大卫好。

In the negative form, we also change 比 to 没有

我没有哥哥跑得快。

大卫没有他学得好。

Or

我跑得没有哥哥快。

大卫学得没有他好。

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HSK Standard Course Level 2: 2.3

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