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How to use compound complements of direction

Today we will learn how to use compound complements of Direction: 上来、上去、下来、下去、进来、进去 etc.

Language points

今天我们看看Compound Complements of Direction

  来towards the speaker 去Away from the speaker
上来 上去
下来 下去
进来 进去
出来 出去
过来 过去
回来 回去
起来  

These are the compound complements of direction, they can be used after a verb to indicate the direction of the action and to describe the action in details.

小狗从房间跑出来。

地铁站不太远,我们走过去吧。

If there is an object in a sentence and the object is a place, the place should be put before “来/去”.

大卫走下楼来。

弟弟跑回家去。

If the object is a general item, it can be put either before or after“来/去”

她拿出一个苹果来。or 她拿出来一个苹果。

小刚带回很多礼物来。or 小刚带回来很多礼物。

Dialogue 1

小丽:你终于回来了!从哪儿买回来这么多东西啊?

小刚:都是从那边的商店买回来的。

小丽:怎么还买红酒回来了?谁喝啊?

小刚:这是给爷爷的礼物,明天我们一起送过去,看看爷爷奶奶。

小丽:那我的礼物呢?快拿出来让我看看。

小刚:我不是已经回来了吗?

好,我们一起回答问题。

小刚送给小丽什么礼物?

现在你能用自己的话说一遍对话吗?

小刚终于回来了,还买回来很多东西。他给爷爷买了一瓶红酒,明天他和小丽一起去看爷爷奶奶。小丽问小刚给她买了什么,小刚说他自己就是礼物。

Homework

今天我们学习了送礼物。

问问你身边的朋友们,他们旅游回来都会送什么礼物。

This article is from the free online

HSK Standard Course Level 3: 3.3

Created by
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

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