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The differences between 通过 and 经过

We just learn 通过 and let's have a look at the differences between 通过 and 经过。

Language points

通过 and 经过 both can indicate the attainment of a certain goal via somebody or by means of something. For example:

通过调查我们发现,大家最关心的问题是工作时间。

也可以说: 经过调查我们发现,大家最关心的问题是工作时间。

通过三个月的努力,玛丽的数学成绩提高了很多。

经过三个月的努力,玛丽的数学成绩提高了很多。

Differences:

通过 is a preposition, and 经过 is a verb. Semantically speaking, 通过 emphasises the method or means of achieving something; while 经过emphasises the process. For example:

学校希望通过这次活动引起大家的兴趣。(强调学校用活动的方法引起大家的兴趣)

经过一次次失败之后,他终于成功了。(前半句强调的是他失败的过程)

When used as a verb, 通过 means to pass through someplace from one end (or side) to another end (or side), while 经过 means to go to somewhere by way of some place without the meaning of passing through. For example:

这里正在修路,汽车无法通过,只能走路通过。

我下班经过超市,顺便去买了点儿东西。

经过 can also be used as a noun to indicate the development process of something; while 通过 has no such usage. For example:

麦克把事情的经过告诉了我,原来这件事真的跟你没有关系。

Dialogue 2

李进:你网球打得真好,还得过那么多国际大奖!每次看你比赛,感觉你轻轻松松就赢了。

张远:哪里啊!那是你没看到我辛苦练习的一面,没有人随随便便就能成功的。

李进:我从小也对网球感兴趣,但是到现在还是打得不怎么样。

张远:你知道吗?不管春夏秋冬,我练球从来没有休息过一天。真是不容易啊!

李进:看来我只看到了你成功时获得的鲜花,却没注意到你成功前流下的汗水。

张远:任何成功都要通过努力才能得到。只要你坚持练习,我相信你也会越打越好的。

好,我们一起来回答问题。

李进的网球打得怎么样?

张远为什么网球打得怎么好?

如果你是李进,用你的话说说张远成功的经历

 张远的网球打得很好,得过很多国际大奖,每次看他比赛,总是感觉他轻轻松松就能打赢。但其实任何成功都要通过努力才能得到,张远不管春夏秋冬,练球从来没有休息过一天。我们总是看到别人成功时获得的鲜花,却看不到别人为成功流过的汗水。
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HSK Standard Course Level 4: 4.2

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FutureLearn - Learning For Life

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