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How to use 千万

Today we will learn how to use 千万 and what are the differences between 千万 and 一定.

Language points

The adverb 千万 means “must” or “ to be sure to”, usually followed by a negative structure. Both 千万 and 一定 can indicate giving a requirement or used in exhortation.比如:

面试时衣服千万不要穿得太随便。或者:面试时衣服一定不要穿得太随便。

Differences between千万 and 一定

Though both can be used in an affirmative or a negative sentence, 千万 is usually used in a negative sentence,while 一定 is usually used in an affirmative sentence.

面试时衣服千万不要/一定不要穿得太随便。

如果换成肯定句一般用“一定”。面试时衣服一定要穿得正式些。

千万 expresses a more polite tone, often meaning hoping someone do to something. while 一定 expresses a stronger, usually commanding tone, often meaning someone must do something. 比如:

同样是让一个人开车的时候别喝酒,父母可能是命令的语气多一些,会用:“开车的时候一定别喝酒!”

朋友可能是希望的语气多一些,会说:“开车的时候千万别喝酒!”

The adverb 一定 used in a first person sentence, meaning the speaker has made up his/her mind to do something, while 千万 cannot be used this way. 比如:

感谢您的支持和鼓励,我一定会继续努力。

一定 can also be used to mean “surely, undoubtedly”. The negative structure is 不一定, indicates the situation is unclear, while 千万 cannot be used this way. 比如:

只要你不放弃,一直坚持努力,就一定能够成功。

人们常说“便宜没好货,好货不便宜。”其实也不一定都是这样,有时候质量很好的东西也会很便宜。

The adjective 一定 means “certain or proper”,while 千万 cannot be used this way. 比如:

如果你有一定的语言基础和经济条件,那么出国学习外语是比较好的选择。

一定 can be used in a shortened structure to give somebody a reply, while 千万 cannot be used this way. 比如:

A:这个月只有你发了奖金,你得请我们吃饭啊。

B:一定。

Dialogue 3

王静:明天又要带我儿子去医院打针,想想我就头疼。他就怕打针,每次打针都哭得特别厉害。

孙月:记得我女儿小时候,带她去医院打针,刚开始,她害怕得要哭。我就小声地和护士说我女儿很勇敢,一点儿也不怕打针,女儿听了以后马上就不哭了。

王静:原来鼓励和表扬对小孩儿挺有用的,下次我也试试。

孙月:不过表扬也是一门艺术,表扬千万不要太多,过多的表扬可能会给孩子带来压力。不仅起不到鼓励的作用,还可能让孩子怀疑自己的能力,变得没有信心。

王静:那怎么表扬孩子才会更有效果呢?

孙月:我认为表扬要及时,而且表扬不仅仅要看结果,更要看过程,这样才能鼓励他的积极性,让他变得勇敢,不怕困难。

好,我们一起回答问题。

孙月建议王静怎么解决问题?

怎么表扬孩子会更有效果?

下面用自己的话说说课文的内容:

 王静明天要带儿子去医院打针,但是她儿子非常害怕打针,每次都哭得特别厉害。孙月说她女儿小时候开始也怕打针,她就小声地和护士说女儿很勇敢,结果女儿听了以后就不害怕了,所以鼓励和表扬对小孩儿是很有用的。不过表扬也是一门艺术,表扬千万不要太多,过多的表扬可能会给孩子带来压力。不仅起不到鼓励的作用,还可能让孩子怀疑自己的能力。同时要注意表扬应该及时,不仅要看结果,更要看过程,这样才能让孩子变得不怕困难。
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HSK Standard Course Level 4: 4.3

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